Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 57 | 140-148
Article title

Self Potential Investigation of Contaminants in a Dumpsite, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Title variants
Languages of publication
Self potential method was used to investigate the subsurface in a dumpsite and a neutral environment in Abuja campus, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The self potential values ranges from -7.0 to 2.5 milliVolts within the dumpsite and 0. 1 to 9.5 miliVolts in the neutral site. The dumpsite is dominated with negative values which is attributed to electrochemical and electrokinetic processes. The electrochemical process is due to biodegradation of solid waste material which results in generation of leachate that modified the groundwater. The electrokinetic component is due to ground water flow. Positive values in the control site is due to low grasses and sand lithology. Possible direction of groundwater flow in the dumpsite is towards the stream in southwest while flow in the neutral area is toward the centre. Comparison of the two results showed that biodegradation of solid waste in the dumpsite modified the subsurface properties.
Physical description
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria,
  • [1] Baba, A., Kavdir, Y., and Deniz, O. 2004. The impact of an open waste disposal site on soil and groundwater pollution. International Journal of environment and pollution, 22(6), 676-687.
  • [2] Baker, S. S., and Cull, J. P. 2004. Streaming potential and groundwater contamination. Exploration Geophysics, 35, 41-44.
  • [3] Benson, a. k., Payne, K. L., and Stubben, M. A. 1997. Mapping groundwater contamination using Dc resistivity and VLF geophysical methods-A case study. Geophysics, 62, 80-86.
  • [4] Chen, K. S, Chen, R. H., and Liu, C. N., 2012. Modeling municipal solid waste landfill settlement. Environs Earth Sci. 66: 2301-2309.
  • [5] Christensen, T. H., Bjerg, P. I., Banwart, S. A., Jakobsen, R., Hern, G., and Albrechtsen, H. J. 2000. Characterization of redox conditions in groundwater contaminant plumes. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 45, 165- 241.
  • [6] Corry, C. E. (1985). Spontaneous polarization associated with porphyry sulfide mineralization, Geophysics, 50(6), 1020-1034.
  • [7] Corwin, R.F. (1990). The self-potential method for environmental and engineering applications, in Geotechnical and Environmental Geophysics, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, edited by S.H. Ward, Tulsa, pp. 127-146.
  • [8] Dahlin, T. 1996. 2D resistivity surveying for environmental and engineering applications. First Break, 14(7), 275-283.
  • [9] Dawson. C. B., Lane, J. W., White, E. A and Belava, M. 2002. Integrated geophysical characterization of the Winthrop landfill southern flow path. Winthrop, Maine. In: Proceedings of symposium on the application of geophysics to engineering and environmental problems. CD-ROM, 22.
  • [10] Doust, H., and E. M. Omatsola., 1990. The Niger delta in Divergent/passive margin basins, ed., J. D. Edwards and P. A. Sentugross, AAPG. Memoirs 45, 201-238
  • [11] Ekweozor, C. M. and Daukoru, E. M., 1994. Northern delta depobelt portion of the Akata – Agbada (1) petroleum system, Niger Delta, Nigeria, In, Magoon, L.B., and Dow, W.G., eds. The petroleum system – from source to Trap, AAPG. Memoir 60: Tulso, 599-614.
  • [12] Fitterman, D.V., and R.F. Corwin (1982), Inversion of self-potential data from the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, Mexico, Geophysics, 47(6), 938-945.
  • [13] Fournier, C., 1989. Spontaneous potential and resistivity surveys applied to hydrogeology in a volcanic area: case history of the Chaine des Puys (Puy-de-Dome, France). Geophys. Prospect., 37: 647-668
  • [14] Greenhouse, J. P, Harris, R. D 1983. Migration of contaminants in groundwater at a landfill: a case study. J. Hydrol 63: 177-197.
  • [15] Hamilton, S. M., 2000. Spontaneous potential and electrochemical cells. Hand book of exploration Geochemistry, Elsevier, New York: 81-119
  • [16] Kaya, M. A., Ozurlan, G, Sengul, E. 2007. Delineation of soil and groundwater contamination using geophysical methods at a waste disposal site in Canakkale, Turkey. Environ Monit Assess, 135, 441-446.
  • [17] Kulke, H. 1995. Nigeria, In, Kulke H., ed., Regional Petroleum Geology of the World Part. 11: Africa, American, Australia and Antarctica: Berlin Gebruder Bornbraeger, 143-172.
  • [18] McNeill, J. D. 1990. Use of electromagnetic methods for groundwater studies. In S. H. Ward (Ed.), Geotechnical and environmental geophysics, Vol. 1: Society of exploration Geophysics, 191-218
  • [19] Meju, M. A. 2000. Geoelectrical investigation of old/abandoned, covered landfill sites in urban areas: model development with a genetic diagnosis approach. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 44, 115-150
  • [20] Monteiro, S., F. A, Ameida, E. P, Castro, R. P, Nolasco, R and Mende- Victor, L. A. 2002. A hydrogeological investigation using SP and EM 34 surveys. Earth planets space 54655-54662.
  • [21] Naudet, V., Revil, A., and Bottero, J. Y. 2000. Geoelectrical methods applied on contaminated site: The Entressen andfill case study (South-Eastern France). In 27th General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society (ASE), Avri, Nice.
  • [22] Naudet, V, Revil, E, Rizzo, J., Bottero, Y., and Begassat, P. 2004. Groundwater redox conditions and conductivity in a contaminant plume from geoelectrical investigation. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(1): 8-22
  • [23] Naudet, V., Revil, A., and Bottero, J. Y. and Begassat, P., 2003. Relationship between self-potential (SP) signals and redox conditions in contaminated groundwater. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2091.
  • [24] Nimmer, R. E., and Osiensky, J. I., 2002. Direct current and self-potential monitoring of an evolving plume in partially saturated fractured rock. J. Hydrol., 267, 258-272
  • [25] Okan, E. O., 2015. Delineating groundwater contaminant plums using self-potential surveying method in Perth area, Australia. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research Vol. 4(11).
  • [26] Oluwafemi, O. 2012. The role of geophysics in the investigation of waste disposal site in Ikare-Akoko area, southwestern, Nigeria. Intern. Journ of Sci Emerging Tech. 4(5)
  • [27] Ramalho, E. C., Dill, A. C. and Rocha, R. 2013. Assessment of the leachate movement in a sealed landfill using geophysical methods. Environs Earth Sci. 68, 343-354.
  • [28] Randall- Roberts, J. A., 1995. Spontaneous potential, water flow and REDOX. Memories of the Congress of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 6 p.
  • [29] Randall- Roberts, J. A., 2001. Detection of polluted groundwater by spontaneous electrical potential. Transactions on ecology and Environment, Vol. 49, 69-74
  • [30] Vichabian, Y., Reppert, P. and Morgan, F. D., 1999. Self potential mapping of contaminants. Proc. Symp. Application of Geophysics to Engineering problems. 14-18, SAGEEP
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.