Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 55 | 89-100
Article title

Regional Distribution of Malaria in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Title variants
Languages of publication
The impacts of fluctuations in weather and climate on malaria prevalence under a future climate change have been an issue of major interest because the disease is a public health problem. Thus, this study investigates the impacts of rainfall on the regional variations of malaria in Ekiti State, Nigeria using 2001-2011 data. The data are for the Central, Eastern, Northern, Western and Southern parts of Ekiti State which are represented by Ado, Ekiti East, Oye, Ekiti South West and Ijero LGAs respectively based on the available data. The results indicate that the total infections over the study period in Ado, Ekiti East, Oye, Ekiti South West and Ijero LGAs are 207033, 67890, 80827, 55986 and 87521 cases respectively. The malaria disease is most rampant among the youths in all the LGAs while the observed cases within the female populations are also slightly higher than the mean infections in the male group. Similarly, an increase in rainfall intensity will lead to corresponding rise in the malaria cases while the spread of the disease seems to also depend on population distribution with the highest seen in the highly populated Ado LGA and among the youths that has the most population in the age groups. However, the disease could be reduced through improved personal hygiene, good drainage system, sleeping under insecticide treated mosquito nets, spraying of insecticides and access to good and affordable medical services. These findings might be used in establishing good immunization system for the vulnerable children and other age groups so as to curb the spread of the disease.
Physical description
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ekiti State University (EKSU), Ado – Ekiti, Nigeria,
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ekiti State University (EKSU), Ado – Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ekiti State University (EKSU), Ado – Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ekiti State University (EKSU), Ado – Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ekiti State University (EKSU), Ado – Ekiti, Nigeria
  • [1] Khan, J.S., Usman, M., Abbass, Y., Hussain, M, & Alli, M., Knowledge, attitude and Practice study on malaria. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences (2010), 8(2), 204-208.
  • [2] Lucas A. O. and Gilles H. M., Malaria: Short Textbook on Public Health Medicine for the Tropics (2003). India, Arnold Publication.
  • [3] Rich, S. M.; Leendertz, F. H.; Xu, G. Lebreton, M.; Djoko, C. F.; Aminake, M.N.; Takang, E. E.; Diffo, J. L. D.; Pike, B.L.; Rosenthal, B. M.; Formenty, P.; Boesch, C.; Ayala, F. J.; Wolfe, N. D., The origin of malignant malaria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2009), 106(35): 14902-14907.
  • [4] Perkins, D. J.; Were, T.; Davenport, G. C.; Kempaiah, P.; Hittner, J. B.; Ong'Echa, J. M., Severe malarial anemia: Innate immunity and pathogenesis. International Journal of Biological Sciences (2011), 7(9): 1427-1442.
  • [5] Perlmann, P; Troye-Blomberg, M., Malaria blood-stage infection and its control by the immune system. Folia biologica (2000), 46 (6): 210-218.
  • [6] World Malaria Report, WMR, World Health Organisation (2008), p. 10. Retrieved 2009-08-17.
  • [7] Nmadu P. M., Peter E., Alexander P., Koggie A. Z., Maikenti J. I., The Prevalence of Malaria in Children between the Ages 2-15 Visiting Gwarinpa General Hospital Life-Camp, Abuja, Nigeria, Journal of Health Science, Vol. 5 No. 3 (2015) 47-51.
  • [8] Roberts, Larry S.; Janovy, John, Foundations of Parasitology (7th ed.), McGraw-Hill Education (ISE Editions) (2005), ISBN 0-07-111271-5.
  • [9] Fairhurst, R. M., and Wellems, T. E., “Chapter 275. Plasmodium species (malaria)”. In: Mandell, G. L., Bennett, J. E., and Dolin, R. (eds.), Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases 2 (7th edn). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Churchill Livingstone / Elsevier (2010), 3437-3462.
  • [10] Salau, O. R., Dependence of Malaria Disease on Changes in Rainfall and Temperature in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria, Intern. J. of Res. (2016), Vol. 3, Issue 9, pp. 378-387.
  • [11] WHO, Guidelines for the treatment of malaria, second edition, Authors: WHO. Number of pages: 194. Publication date: 2010. Languages: English. ISBN 978-92-4-154792-5.
  • [12] Gallup J. and Sachs J., The Economic Burden of Malaria. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (2001); 64S: 85-96.
  • [13] Kelly-Hope, L. A.; Alonso, W. J.; Thiem, V. D.; Canh do, G.; Anh, D. D., and Lee, H. (2008). Temporal trends and climatic factors associated with bacterial enteric diseases in Vietnam, 1991-2001. EHP., 116: 7-12.
  • [14] Ali H, H., Ahmed, S., and Sulaiman, S., Climate change and health in Sudan. Capacity strengthen in the least developed countries for adaptation to climate change (2008).
  • [15] Patz J. A., Kovats R. B., Hotspots in climate change and human health. BMJ (2005); 325: 1094-1098.
  • [16] Jamieson, A. Toovey, S. and Maurel, M., Malaria: A Traveller's Guide, Struik (2006), p. 30.
  • [17] Sumana, B., Sharma, C., Dhiman, R.C. and Mitra, A.P., Climate Change and Malaria in India. Current Science (2006), 90(3).
  • [18] WHO, Press Release WHO/48 Fact Sheet 5th July 2000. Geneva W.H.O. publications (2000): 1-18.
  • [19] Logbaby, Ekiti State, Nigeria (2016). (Overview, History and Summary Information), retrieved on 04/05/16 (link:
  • [20] EKSG (Ekiti State Government), About Ekiti (2016). Retrieved on 04/05/16 (available on:
  • [21] NM (Nigerian Muse), Cartoons, Pictures and Maps, Ekiti Kingdoms (2016), retrieved on 30/04/16,
  • [22] NGEX, Nigeria, Ekiti State, Nigeria (2016). Retrieved on 04/05/16 (available on
  • [23] Krongstad D.J. (1996). Malaria as a re-emerging disease epidemiology, Rev. 18: 77-89.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.