Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 17 | 89-101
Article title

Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants Used in Treating Viral Infection in Saki West Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria

Title variants
Languages of publication
Most indigenous people have acquired expertise in the use of medicinal plants, but information on the utilization of the medicinal plants are poorly documented. Thus, this study deals with the ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in treating viral infections in Saki West Local Government Area, Oyo State. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and oral interviews to acquire information from selected members of Saki West Local Government Area. A total of sixty (60) structured questionnaires were given randomly to respondents in the selected villages in the study area. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The finding shows that the majority of the respondents were females (61.7%). Moreover, 50 % of the respondents were from the age group of 31 to 40 (also the largest group). In addition, a majority (88.3%) of the respondents were married, and only a few (16.7%) had no formal education. Furthermore, the major occupation of the respondents was herb selling (35.0%). The findings on the various plant parts utilized for herbal medicine indicated that the leaves, stem bark and whole root were the most commonly used parts. Most of the respondents also prepared herbal medicine by decoction. What is more, oral ingestion (drinking) was found to be the most (70.0%) preferred mode of administration in the study area. Finally, the major problem encountered while acquiring medicinal plants was wild animal threat. This work indicated that there is a need for an ethnobotanical survey in every state of the nation on the medicinal plants used in the treatment of viral infection.
Physical description
  • Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Wildlife Management, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, PMB268, New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria
  • Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Wildlife Management, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, PMB 268, New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria
  • Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Wildlife Management, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, PMB 268, New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria
  • [1] World Health Organization (WHO). (2003). Traditional Medicine, Factsheet No 134.
  • [2] Adewunmi, C.O., Agbedahunsi A.C., Adebajo A.J., Aladesanmi N. and Wando J. (2001). Ethnoveterinary medicine: Screening of African medicinal plants for trypanocidal activity, J. Ethnopharmacol. 77: 19-24.
  • [3] Anita, M. (2004). Medicinal and aromatic plants: Monitoring the effectiveness of biological con servation,
  • [4] Nelson-Harrison, S.T., King S. R., Limbach, C., Jackson, C., Galiwango, A.,Kato, S. K. and Kanyerezi, B. R. (2002). Ethnobotanical research into the 21st century. In: IwuM.M., Wootton JC (Eds.), Ethnomedicinal Drug Discovery Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 283-307.
  • [5] Sofowora, A. (2008). Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine in Africa, Spectrum Books Limited, Ibadan, Nigeria. 3rd edition. Pp 70-74; 175-180; 201-202.
  • [6] Gurib-Fakim, A. (2006). Medicinal plants: Traditions of yesterday and drugs of tomorrow. Molecular Aspects of Medicine, 27, 1-93.
  • [7] Thomas, S., Patil, D. A., Patil, A. G. and Naresh, C. (2008). Pharmacognostic Evaluation And Physicochemical Analysis Of Averrhoa Carambola L. Fruit. J. Herbal Med. and Toxicol. 2 (2), 51-54.
  • [8] Musa, M. S., Abdelrasool, F. E., Elsheikh, E. A., Ahmed, L. A. M. N., Mahmoud, A. L. E. and Yagi, S. M. (2011). Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Blue Nile State, South-Eastern Sudan. J. Med Plants Res. 5 (17), 4287-4297.
  • [9] Tesfaye, H. B., Sebsebe, D. W. and Zemede, A. W. (2009). An Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, Ethiopia‟. Addia Ababa University. J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomed. 5, 26.
  • [10] Hillenbrand, E. (2006). ‘Improving traditional convectional millbury care servicesedicine collaboration: personal respective from Cameroonian traditional practitioners’. Nordic J. Afr. Stud. 15(1): 1- 50.
  • [11] Giday, M., Asfaw, Z., Elmqvist, T. And Woldu, Z. (2003). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal Plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. J. Ethnopharmacol. 85, 43-52.
  • [12] Hunde, D., Asfaw, Z., and Kelbessa E. (2004). Use and management of ethnoveterinarymedicinal plants by indigenous people in „Boosat‟, Wolenchiti area . Ethiopian J. Bio Sci. 3(2), 113-132
  • [13] H. Jouad, M.Haloui, H. Rhiouani, J. El Hilaly, M. Eddouks. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes, cardiac and renal diseases in the North centre region of Morocco (Fez–Boulemane). Journal of Ethnopharmacology Volume 77, Issues 2–3, October 2001, Pages 175-182
  • [14] M. Barkaoui, A. Katiri, H. Boubaker,F. Msanda. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the traditional treatment of diabetes in Chtouka Ait Baha and Tiznit (Western Anti-Atlas), Morocco. Journal of Ethnopharmacology Volume 198, 23 February 2017, Pages 338-350
  • [15] David J Simbo. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Babungo, Northwest Region, Cameroon. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2010, 6: 8
  • [16] Rates SMK: Plants as a source of drugs. Toxicon. 2001, 39: 603-613. 10.1016/S0041-0101(00)00154-9.
  • [17] Muthu C, Ayyanar M, Raja N, Ignacimuthu S: Medicinal plants used be traditional healers in Kancheepuram District of Tamil Nadu, India. J Ethnobio Ethnomed. 2006, 2: 43-10.1186/1746-4269-2-43.
  • [18] Hostettmann K, Marston A, Ndjoko K, Wolfender J-L: The Potential of African Medicinal Plants as a Source of Drugs. Current Organic Chemistry. 2000, 4: 973-1010.
  • [19] Ndenecho EN: Herbalism and resources for the development of ethnopharmacology in Mount Cameroon region. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009, 3 (3): 078-086.
  • [20] Focho DA, Ndam WT, Fonge BA: Medicinal plants of Aguambu-Bamumbu in the Lebialem highlands, southwest province of Cameroon. Afr J Phrm Pharmacol. 2009, 3 (1): 1-13.
  • [21] Focho DA, Newuh MC, Anjah MG, Nwana FA, Ambo FB: Ethnobotanical survey of trees in Fundong, Northwest Region, Cameroon. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2009, 5: 17-10.1186/1746-4269-5-17.
  • [22] Ndenecho EN: Cropping Systems and Post-Cultivation Vegetation Successions: Agro-Ecosystems in Ndop, Cameroon. J Hum Ecol. 2009, 27 (1): 27-33.
  • [23] Olaniyi AA, Sofowora EA, Oguntimehin BO: Phytochemical investigation of some Nigerian plants used against fevers. II. Cymbopogon citratus. Planta Med. 1975, 28 (2): 186-189.
  • [24] Bussmann R: Ethnobotany of the Samburu of Mt. Nyiru, South Turkana, Kenya. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2006, 2: 35-10.1186/1746-4269-2-35
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.