Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2014 | 16 | 4 | 47–55
Article title

Why is it important to monitor the diet of overweight patients with depressive disorders?

Title variants
Languages of publication
Introduction. Studies on the dietary habits of depressive patients demonstrate frequent deviation result- ing in the development of many diseases. Purpose. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of weight reduction diet in patients with depres- sive disorders, including the assessment of changes in the intake of major nutrients that may promote al- terations in body composition during a three-month observation. Methods. The study included 77 people with excessive body weight (45 women and 32 men; average age of women 49.3±10.3 years and men 47.1± 1.2 years) treated for recurrent depressive disorders and being on a 3-month weight reduction diet. The study patients underwent anthropometric measurements and their body composition was determined with electric bio-impedance. Results. Mean weight loss in women was 2.7±2.5kg, and in men 2.0±5.6kg. There was a decrease in fat mass in women by an average of 1.8±5.7kg and in men by 1.3±7.1kg. A statistically significant reduc- tion was reported in the mean waist circumference (3.8±3.7cm) and hips (2.0 ± 1.9cm) among women. Diet modification brought a decrease in the energy value of daily diet and reduction in the supply of ma- cronutrients. Conclusions. The long-term effect of the nutritional therapy indicates the need for intensified dietary ed- ucation, both in terms of the number of dietary trainings and intensive cooperation between patient and dietician for proper selection of food products. The cooperation should not only be related to diet correc- tion, but is also expected to motivate physical activity and lifestyle changes.
Physical description
  • 1. Bruffaerts R.Role of common mental and physical disor- ders in partial disability around the world. BJP. 2012; 200: 454-461.
  • 2. Bouchard L, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Faraj M, Lavoie ME, Mill J, Perusse L et al. Differental epigenomic and transcriptom- ic responses in subcutaneous adipose tissue between low and high responders to caloric restriction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010; 91: 309-320.
  • 3. Lopez-Legarea P, de la Iglesia R, Abete I, Bondia-Pons I, Navas-Carretero S, Forga L et al. Short-term role of the die- tary total antioxidant capacity in two hypocaloric regimes on obese with metabolic syndrome symptoms: the RESMENA randomized controlled trial. Nutrition & Metabolism. 2013; 10: 22-32.
  • 4. Ruusunen A, Voutilainen S, Karhunen L, Lehto M, Tolmunen T, Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi S et al. How does lifestyle inter- vention affect depressive symptoms? Results from the Finn- ish Diabetes Prevention Study. Diabet Med. 2012; 29: 126- 132.
  • 5. Gillen MM, Markey ChN, Markey PM. An examination of di- eting behaviors among adults: Links with depression. Eating Behaviors. 2012; 13: 88-93.
  • 6. Olszanecka-Glinianowicz M.Depresja-przyczyna czy skutek otyłości? Endokrynologia, Otyłość i Zaburzenia Przemiany Materii. 2008; 4(2): 78-85.
  • 7. International statistical classification of diseases and health- related problems. 10th rev. Geneva: World Health Organi- zation; 1992.
  • 8. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J.An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961; 4: 53-63.
  • 9. Hamilton M.A rating scale for depression. J Neurol Neuro- surg Psychiatry. 1960; 23: 56-62.
  • 10. Szponar L, Wolnicka K, Rychlik E.Album fotografii produktów i potraw. Warszawa: Instytut Żywności i Żywienia; 2000.
  • 11. Imayama I, Alfano C, Kong A, Foster-Schubert EF, Bain CE, Xiao L et al. Dietary weight loss and exercise interventions effects on quality of life in overweight/obese postmenopau- sal women: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011; 8: 118-129.
  • 12. Ostrowska L, Stefańska E, Adamska E, Tałałaj E, Waszc- zeniuk M.Wpływ leczenia dietą redukcyjną na skład ciała i modyfikację składników odżywczych w dziennej racji pokar- mowej u otyłych kobiet. Endokrynologia, Otyłość i Zaburze- nia Przemiany Materii. 2010; 6(4): 179-188.
  • 13. Perez-Cornago A, Lopez-Legarrea P, de la Iglesia R, Lahor- tiga F, Martinez A, Zulet MA. Longitudinal relationship of diet and oxidative stress with depressive symptoms in patients with metabolic syndrome after following a weight loss treat- ment: the RESMENA project. Clinical Nutrition, 2013; 1-7:
  • 14. Somerset SM, Graham L, Markwell K.Depression scores predict adherence in a dietary weight loss intervention trial. Clin Nutr. 2011; 30: 593-598.
  • 15. Hasler G. Pathophysiology of depression: do we have any solid evidence of interest to clinicians? Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii. 2011; 20(1): 5-22.
  • 16. Yu ZM, Parker L, Dummer TJB. Depressive symptoms, diet quality, physical activity, and body composition among pop- ulations in Nova Scotia, Canada: Report from the Atlan- tic Partnership for Tomorrowӓs Health. Prev. Med. [updat- ed 2013 Dec 02;cited 2014 Jun 15]. Available from: http://
  • 17.Wronka L, Sińska B, Wójcik Z.Review of methods for assess- ing nutritional status in adults. P.2 Study of body composition. Żyw. Człow. Metab. 2011; 38(1): 25-35.
  • 18. Sartorio A, Malavolti M, Agost F, Marinore PG, Caiti O, Bat- tisini N et al. Body water distribution in severe obesity and its assessment from eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analy- sis. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005; 59: 155-160.
  • 19. Fogelholm GM, Sievanen HT, Lichtenbelt van M, Westerterp KR. Assessment of fat –mass loss during weight reduction in obese women. Metabolism1997; 46(8): 968-975.
  • 20. Lakhan SE, Vieira KF. Nutritional therapies for mental d iso- rders. Nutr J. 2008; 7: 1-8.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.