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2013 | 13 | 1 | 56–61
Article title

Wpływ aktywności fizycznej na sprawność funkcji poznawczych osób w podeszłym wieku i na przebieg choroby Alzheimera

Content
Title variants
EN
Effects of physical activity on cognitive functions in older adults and the course of Alzheimer’s disease
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
To the extent of ageing society more and more people experience burdensome age associated cognitive impairment. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may be a precursor to dementia, at least in some cases. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. There is still no pharmacological treatment of AD. At the present time efforts are focusing on the developing of more effective strategies to slow the progression of AD. If illness onset could be delayed we would see significant reduction in AD incidence. Biological research, epidemiologi­cal studies and randomized controlled trials suggest that regular physical activity may contribute to prevention of cognitive decline in elderly subjects, to slow down the course of AD and to delay the onset of dementia. It seems that physical activity and other lifestyle nonpharmacological interventions, as intense social activity or cognitive stimulation may be effective, safe and less expensive preventive treatment strategy than pharmacological therapy. Further research is necessary to define precise recommendations in terms of type, duration and intensity of phys­ical exercises, but there is a chance that in the near future a prevention of AD may be based on principles govern­ing lifestyle habits such as diet, cognitive and physical activity. Moreover, these nonpharmacological interventions might positively influence general functioning, and overall quality of life in the elderly population and AD patients.
PL
W miarę starzenia się społeczeństwa coraz więcej osób doświadcza związanego z wiekiem osłabienia pamięci i za­burzeń innych funkcji poznawczych. Dla części tych osób zaburzenia te mogą być zwiastunem otępienia. Wiadomo, że jego najczęstszą przyczyną jest choroba Alzheimera (Alzheimer’s disease, AD). Stosowane obecnie metody far­makologicznego zapobiegania i leczenia AD są mało skuteczne. Powoduje to, że podejmowane są próby terapii mających na celu spowolnienie przebiegu AD i opóźnienie początku objawowej fazy klinicznej choroby. Może to znacząco wpływać na zmniejszenie zapadalności na AD. Wyniki biologicznych, epidemiologicznych i randomizo­wanych badań kontrolowanych wskazują na korzystny wpływ regularnej aktywności fizycznej na zapobieganie występowaniu zaburzeń poznawczych u osób w podeszłym wieku i spowolnienie przebiegu AD. Okazuje się, że aktywność fizyczna, szczególnie w połączeniu z aktywnością umysłową i intensywną aktywnością społeczną, może być użyteczną, a przy tym tańszą i bezpieczniejszą metodą zapobiegania AD niż profilaktyka farmakologiczna. Dalszych badań wymaga określenie precyzyjnych zaleceń dotyczących rodzaju, czasu trwania i intensywności tych form terapii. Istnieje jednak szansa, że w bliskiej przyszłości będziemy mogli stosować potwierdzone zasady zapo­biegania AD dotyczące zachowań dietetycznych, aktywności społecznej, umysłowej i fizycznej. Wymienione wyżej rodzaje interwencji niefarmakologicznych wpływają również pozytywnie na codzienne funkcjonowanie i ogólną jakość życia osób w podeszłym wieku i pacjentów z AD.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
13
Issue
1
Pages
56–61
Physical description
Contributors
  • Instytut Medycyny Doświadczalnej i Klinicznej im. M. Mossakowskiego PAN
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Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-14454ea4-36e7-41c7-8e14-fe1b1f17a205
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