PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 5 | 113-123
Article title

Approaches to describe ventilatory threshold in professional sports

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Ventilatory threshold is one of the ways to measure cardiovasculatory fitness of the body. Therefore, in the present study it was decided to demonstrate which physiological parameters most accurately express the second ventilatory threshold (VAT2) depending on the cardiovasculatory fitness of different groups of athletes and untrained men. The study involved the following athletes: race walkers (n=14), weightlifters (n=16), powerlifters (n=16), runners (n=14), professional soccer players (n=13), amateur soccer players (n=16), martial arts (n=12), and untrained men (n=15). Subjects’ VAT2 and maximal load (ML) were recorded and at these levels were determined the value of achievable maximal power (P), oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate (HR), the ratio for oxygen uptake and heart rate (VO2/HR) and the rate-pressure produkt (RPP). It was shown that subjects were of similar age but different body mass (BM) and BMI. There were also differences between athlete groups at VAT2 and ML in relation to: P, VO2, VO2/HR (p<0.001) and RPP only at VAT2 (p<0.023). Reached HR values at VAT2 as well as at ML have not differed between the groups. There were also intergroup differences at VAT2 in terms of relative values: %VO2max (p<0.002), %Pmax(p<0.016), %VO2max/%HRmax (p<0.03). Relatively expressed %HRmax and %RPPmax reached at VAT2 did not differ between the two groups. Runners, professional soccer players and race walkers achieved the most favorable indicators of physical performance. It has been demonstrated that VAT2 besides P i %Pmax was best described by VO2, %VO2max and by VO2/HR and %VO2max/%HRmax, as well as by RPP. On the other hand HR and %HRmax, as well as %RPPmax are not useful in this regard. Furthermore it should be recognized that athletes in whose structure of the training occurred running of varying intensity achieved the highest physical fitness.
Publisher

Year
Volume
5
Pages
113-123
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, University of Częstochowa, Poland
  • Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, University of Częstochowa, Poland
author
  • Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, University of Częstochowa, Poland
  • Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, University of Częstochowa, Poland/Institute of Physiotherapy, Public Medical Higher Vocational School, Opole, Poland, pilwies@wp.pl
  • Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, University of Częstochowa, Poland
author
  • Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, University of Częstochowa, Poland
  • Institute of Physical Education, Tourism and Physiotherapy, University of Częstochowa, Poland
References
  • 1. ATS/ACCP statement on cardiopulmonary exercise testing. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, 2003; 167 (2): 211-277.
  • 2. Cohen-Solal A, Zannad F, Kayanakis JG, Gueret P, Aupetit JF, Kolsky H: Multicentre study of the determination of peak oxygen uptake and ventilator threshold during cycle exercise in chronic heart failure: comparision of graphical methods, interobserver variability and influence of the exercise protocol: the VO2 French Study Group. European Heart Journal, 1991; 12:1055-1063.
  • 3. Albouaini K, Egred M, Alahmar A, Wright DJ: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and its application. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 2007; 83: 675-682. Doi: 10.1136/hrt.2007.121558.
  • 4. Binder RK, Wonisch M, CorraU, Sohen-Solal A, Vanhees L, Saner H, Schmid JP: Methodological approach to the first and second lactate threshold in incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing. European Journal Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 2008; 15(6):726-734.
  • 5. Christophe C, Chodek-Hingray A, Pruna A, Bruntz JF, Chometon F, Groben L, Huttin O, Aliot E, Juilliere Y, Selton-Suty C: Corrélation entre function atriale et capacité fonctionnelle chez les sportifs de haut niveau. Annales de Cardiologie et Angéiologie (Paris), 2009; 58(3): 144-150.
  • 6. Kenney WL, Wilmore J, Costill D: Physiology of sport and exercise. 5th ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics, 2012.
  • 7. Conconi F, Ferrari M, Ziglio PG, Droghetti P, Codeca L. Determination of the anaerobic threshold by a non-invasive field test in runners. Journal Applied Physiology, 1982; 52 (4): 869-873.
  • 8. Kindermann W, Simon G, Keul J: The significance of the aerobic-anaerobic transition for the determination of work load intensities during endurance training. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1979; 42(1): 25-34.
  • 9. Pallares JG, Moran-Nawarro R, Ortega JF, Fernandez-Elias VE, Mora-Rodriguez R: Validity and reliability of ventilatory and blood lactate thresholds in well-trained cyclists. PLOS ONE, 2016 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163389.
  • 10. Poole DC, Gaesser GA: Response of ventilatory and lactate thresholds to continuous and interval training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 1985; 58: 1115-1121.
  • 11. Pilis W, Wojtyna J, Langfort J, Zając A, Manowska B, Chmura J, Zarzeczny R: Relationships between sport results, somatic variables and anaerobic power in elite weight lifters. Biology of Sport, 1997; 14(4): 275-281.
  • 12. Ahmaidi S, Hardy JM, Varray A, Collomp K, Mercier J, Prefaut C: Respiratory gas exchange indices used to detect the blood lactate accumulation threshold during an incremental exercise test in young athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1993; 66: 31-36.
  • 13. Fletcher GF, Balady GJ, Amsterdam EA, Chaitman B, Eckel R, Fleg J, Froelicher VF, Leon AS, Pina IL, Rodney R, Simons-Morton DA, Williams MA, Bazzare T: Exercise standards for testing and training. Circulation, 2001;104 (14): 1694-740.
  • 14. Gripp F, Lacerda ACR, Goncalves R, Szmuchrowski L: Sustained, prolonged exercise at stable heart rate defined by the deflection point identification method. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2009; 23: 632-637.
  • 15. Bunc V, Heller J, Leso, Sprynarova S, Zdanowicz R: Ventilatory threshold in various groups of highly trained athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 1987; 8: 275-280.
  • 16. Millet GP, Dreano P, Bentley D: Physiological characteristics of elite short- and long-distance triathletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2003; 88: 427-430.
  • 17. Lipárová S, Brodáni J: The influence of the running preparation on the aerobic and anaerobic threshold in a year’s training cycle at the cross triathlet. Physical Activity Review, 2016; 4: 139-146.
  • 18. Dziadek B, Iskra J, Przednowek K: Running preparation and the final decathlon score in terms of sports career development. Physical Activity Review, 2016; 4: 115-123.
  • 19. Taylor AD, Bronks R: Electromyographic correlates of the transition from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism in treadmill running. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1994; 69: 508-515.
  • 20. Baldari C, Guidetti L: VO2max ventilatory and anaerobic threshold in rhythmic gymnasts and young female dancers. The Journal Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2001; 41:177-182.
  • 21. Beis LY, Willkomm L, Ross R, Bekele Z, Wolde B, Fudge B, Pitsiladis Y P: Food and macronutrient intake of elite Ethiopian distance runners. Journal of the International Society Sports Nutrition, 2011; 8: 7, doi: 10.1186/1550-2783-8-7.
  • 22. Pilis W, Langfort J, Zarzeczny R, Zając A, Wojtyna J: Morphological and physiological characteristics of top weight lifters. Biology of Sport, 1990; 7(2): 113-128.
  • 23. Armstrong LE: Nutritional strategies for football: counteracting heat, cold, high altitude, and jet lag. Journal Sports Science, 2006; 24(7): 723-740.
  • 24. Hausswirth C, Brisswalter J: Le coût énergétique de la course `a pied de durée prolongée: étude des paraméters d’influence. Science & Sports, 1999; 14 (2): 59-70.
Document Type
paper
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-135f7971-28b0-481d-940e-b52fb1392b00
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.