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2018 | 72 | 147-155
Article title

The self-assessment of satisfaction of nursing home residents in selected European countries – preliminary study

Title variants
Samoocena satysfakcji z życia rezydentów domów opieki w wybranych krajach europejskich – doniesienie wstępne
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BACKGROUND: The objective of the paper was the self-assessment of satisfaction performed by the residents of social care homes in various European countries and analysis of the correlation of the level of satisfaction with the quality of life and chosen independent variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out among 126 residents of nursing homes in Norway, England, Belgium, Holland, the Czech Republic and Poland, aged on average 79.3 years. The authors of the study used a survey questionnaire of their own authorship consisting of 35 questions including 6 demographic ones and 29 questions related to factors including satisfaction and quality of life. The conducted research was a pilot study. RESULTS: The majority of the residents was satisfied with their stay at the nursing home. The level of their satisfaction proved to be different depending on the location of the nursing home. The average level of self-assessment of the quality of life was 4.9 (on a scale of 1–6). It was demonstrated that the level of satisfaction correlated with the quality of life, age, the duration of the stay and residing with a spouse. CONCLUSIONS: The level of satisfaction of the residents of nursing homes in selected European countries is varied and demonstrates positive variation with the quality of life. The level of satisfaction of the residents of social care homes in certain European countries demonstrates a positive correlation with age, the duration of the stay and residing with a spouse. The comparative analysis of satisfaction and the quality of life of nursing home residents in various European countries requires taking into consideration cultural distinctiveness.
WSTĘP: Celem pracy była samoocena satysfakcji osób mieszkających w domach opieki w różnych krajach europejskich oraz analiza korelacji poziomu satysfakcji z jakością życia i wybranymi zmiennymi niezależnymi. MATERIAŁ I METODY: Badanie pilotażowe przeprowadzono z udziałem 126 osób zamieszkałych w domach opieki w Norwegii, Anglii, Belgii, Holandii, Czechach i Polsce. Średnia wieku badanych wynosiła 79,3 roku. Autorzy zastosowali kwestionariusz ankiety własnego autorstwa obejmujący 35 pytań, w tym 6 pytań demograficznych i 29 związanych z czynnikami dotyczącymi satysfakcji i jakości życia. WYNIKI: Większość mieszkańców była zadowolona z pobytu w domu opieki. Poziom ich satysfakcji okazał się różny, w zależności od kraju prowadzenia badań. Średni poziom samooceny jakości życia wyniósł 4,9 (w skali 1–6). Wykazano, że poziom satysfakcji korelował z jakością życia, wiekiem, czasem trwania pobytu w domu opieki i mieszkaniem z małżonkiem. WNIOSKI: Poziom zadowolenia mieszkańców domów opieki w wybranych krajach europejskich jest zróżnicowany i wykazuje pozytywną zmienność z jakością życia. Poziom zadowolenia mieszkańców domów opieki w niektórych krajach europejskich wykazuje pozytywną korelację z wiekiem, czasem trwania pobytu i zamieszkiwaniem z małżonkiem. Analiza porównawcza satysfakcji i jakości życia mieszkańców domów opieki społecznej w różnych krajach europejskich wymaga uwzględnienia odrębności kulturowej.
Physical description
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Poland
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Poland
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Poland
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Poland
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Poland
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Poland
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Poland
  • Department of Propaedeutics of Nursing, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Gerontology and Geriatric Nursing, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
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