Food security status and coping strategies: A case study of Dalits community in Lamjung District, Nepal
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A case study was conducted at Madhyanepal Municipality, Lamjung to access the food security status and the coping strategy of Dalit community. Information was collected from the 60 Dalit households through livelihood analysis, problem ranking and community discussion tools of participatory rural appraisal. The research revealed that the majority of the households (46.875%) have food sufficiency for less than 3 months, as the figures for household food sufficiency for 3-6 months, 6-9 months and 9-12 months are 31.25%, 6.25%, 15.625%, respectively. The research also showed that none of the household have year round food sufficiency. The major reason associated with this outcome was low land ownership (36%), followed by infertile land (28%) lack of manpower (20%), predators (12%) and diseases (4%). To become more food secure and in response to the food deficit condition, households have adopted coping strategies such as share cropping, seasonal migration within or outside the country, remittances, casual laboring, selling off livestock and borrowing food or money.
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