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2015 | 15 | 60 | 45-55
Article title

Modyfikacja sonoelastograficznych skal oceny węzłów chłonnych pod kątem chłoniaków – doniesienie wstępne

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Title variants
EN
Modified sonoelastographic scale score for lymph node assessment in lymphoma – a preliminary report
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EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Elastography is a new method of assessment of lymph node consistency. The majority of papers focus on metastases detection of head and neck or breast tumors. The typical desmoplastic reaction in connective tissue stroma in cancer, which is responsible for tissue’s hardening, is seen in lymphoma less frequently. Material and methods: Study of 15 patients with active Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas and 16 previously treated patients with no evidence of recurrence. A total of 60 patients suffering from reactive lymphadenopathy was the control group. The size, appearance, vascularity and elastogram of lymph node was analyzed. Results: Type C elastogram correlated strongly with lymph nodes which presented at least three pathologic features in 2D image. Large lymph nodes with long axis diameter over 3 cm may have ‘cheese with holes’ appearance rather than common type C elastogram. Conclusion: According to our simplifi ed sonoelastography scoring system, type C elastogram was present mainly in patients with active lymphoma affecting lymph nodes, which showed all four features that we analyzed using conventional ultrasonography. This elastogram was also present in reactive lymphadenopathies. Distinctive for large lymph nodes in patients with active forms of lymphoma “cheese with holes” appearance, can be considered as equal with type C image, although it is corresponding to type B sonoelastographic map.
PL
Elastografia jest nową metodą pozwalającą ocenić spoistość węzłów chłonnych. Większość prac skupia się na wykrywaniu przerzutów raków okolicy głowy i szyi oraz sutka. Typowa dla raków reakcja desmoplastyczna podścieliska łącznotkankowego, odpowiadająca za wzmożoną spoistość, w chłoniakach występuje rzadziej. Materiał i metoda: Badanie przeprowadzono na grupie 15 pacjentów z aktywną postacią chłoniaka Hodgkina i chłoniaków nie-Hodgkinowskich oraz 16 pacjentów po zakończonym leczeniu i bez cech wznowy. Grupę kontrolną stanowiło 60 osób z odczynową limfadenopatią. Węzły chłonne oceniono pod kątem wielkości, wyglądu, typu unaczynienia oraz wyglądu elastogramu. Wyniki: Elastogram typu C wykazywał silną korelację dodatnią z węzłami chłonnymi prezentującymi co najmniej trzy cechy patologii w obrazie 2D. Duże węzły chłonne przekraczające 3 cm w największym wymiarze zamiast klasycznego elastogramu C mogą prezentować wygląd „sera z dziurami”. Wnioski: Typ C według naszej uproszczonej skali sonoelastograficznej obecny był głównie u chorych z aktywnym chłoniakiem w węzłach wykazujących wszystkie cztery cechy, jakie ocenialiśmy w klasycznym USG, ale obserwowany był także w limfadenopatiach odczynowych. Obraz „sera z dziurami” jest charakterystyczny tylko dla dużych węzłów chłonnych u pacjentów z aktywnymi postaciami chłoniaków i choć odpowiada typowi B mapy sonoelastograficznej, to może być traktowany na równi z obrazem C.
Discipline
Year
Volume
15
Issue
60
Pages
45-55
Physical description
References
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article
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