Review on Nitrogen: Forms, Functions and Effects on Potato Growth Performance
Languages of publication
Nitrogen has greater influence on growth and yield of crop plants than any other essential plant nutrient. Nitrogen is usually the element that is of primary importance in the determination of crop yields and quality. Potato is a sensitive crop to application management of nitrogen and amounts less or more than its requirements. The main objective of this review was to assess the forms, functions and effects in plant growth (in case of potato). Original source of nitrogen is atmosphere it is also found in soil pore spaces as dinitrogen gas and both organic and inorganic forms in the soil. Nitrogen commonly loses through leaching, volatilization, crop removal, denitrification, soil erosion and runoff. Biological fixation and commercial production are main sources of nitrogen and shortage of nitrogen shows different symptoms on different morphological parts and low nutrient content on tissues and grains (tubers) of crops. Generally nitrogen is one of essential nutrient for complete life cycle of plants. It is the first most important nutrient required relatively in large amounts by plants while soils generally contain relatively small amounts of this element.
-  Alam, M.N., Jahan M.S., Ali M.K., Ashraf M.A. and Islam M.K. Effect of vermicompost and chemical fertilizers on growth, yield and yield components of potato in Barind soils of Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 3 (2007) 1879-1888.
-  Baligar, V. C., N. K. Fageria, and Z. L. He. Nutrient use efficiency in plants: An overview. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. (2001) 32:921–950.
-  Clark, R. B. Plant response to mineral element toxicity and deficiency. In: Breeding plants for less favorable environments, M. N. Christiansen and C. F. Lewis, Eds (1982) 71–142. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
-  Epstein, M. and A. J. Bloom. Mineral nutrition of plants: Principles and perspectives, 2nd edition. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates (2005).
-  Fageria, N. K. Adequate and toxic levels of zinc for rice, common bean, corn, soybean and wheat production in cerrado soil. Rev. Bras. Eng. Agri. Ambien (2000) 4: 390–395.
-  Fageria, N. K. and V. C. Baligar. Fertility management of tropical acid soils for sustainable crop production. In: Handbook of soil acidity, Z. Rengel, Ed., (2003b) 359–385. New York: Marcel Dekker.
-  Fageria, N. K. and V. C. Baligar. Enhancing nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants. Adv. Agron (2005a) 88: 97–185.
-  Fageria, N. K., V. C. Baligar, and B. A. Bailey. Role of cover crops in improving soil and row crop productivity. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. (2005) 36: 2733–2757.
-  Fixen, P. Nutrient management following conservation reserve program. Better Crops (1996) 80: 16–19.
-  Galloway, J. N., E. B. Cowling, S. P. Seitzinger, and R. H. Socolow. Reactive nitrogen: Too much of a good thing? Ambio (2002) 31: 60–63.
-  Akita M, and S Takayama. 1994. Induction and development of potato tubers in a jar fermentor. Plant Cell Tiss Org Cult 36: 177–182.
-  Ali A, SMM Alam, and V Souza Machado. 1995. Potato minituber production from nodal cuttings compared to wholein vitro plantlets using low volume media in a greenhouse. Potato Res 38:69–76.
-  Alsadon AA, KW Knutson, and JC Wilkinson. 1988. Relationships between microtuber and minituber production and yield characteristics of six potato cultures. Am Potato J 65: 468.
-  Bizarri M, L Borghi, and P Ranalli. 1995. Effects of activated charcoal effects on induction and development of microtubers in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Ann Appl Biol 127: 175–181
-  Huber, D. M. and I. A. Thompson. Nitrogen and plant disease. In: Mineral nutrition and plant disease, L. E. Datnoff, W. H. Elmer, and D. M. Huber, Eds. (2007) 31–44. St. Paul, MN: The American Phytopathological Society.
-  Jensen, Dr. Thomas L., Soil pH and the Availability of Plant Nutrients. IPNI Plant Nutrition TODAY, Fall (2010) No. 2, www.ipni.net/pnt
-  John A. Lamb, Fabian G. Fernandez, and Daniel E. Kaiser: Extension Specialists in Nutrient Management (2014).
-  Marschner, H. and V. Romheld. In vivo measurement of root-induced pH changes at soil-root interface. Effect of plant species and nitrogen source. Z. Pflanzenphysiol (1983) 111: 241–251.
-  Mohammad Vaezzadeh1 and Mohammadreza Naderidarbaghshahi. The effect of various nitrogen fertilizer amounts on yield and nitrate accumulation in tubers of two potato cultivars in cold regions of Isfahan (Iran) (2012).
-  Poorter, H. and J. R. Evans. Photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency of species that differ inherently in specific leaf area. Oecologia (1998) 116: 26–37.
-  Rezaei A, Soltani A. Potato production. Mashhad University Press.179 pages. Yazdandousthamedani M. The study of nitrogen use effect on yield, yield components and nitrate accumulation of potato cultivars. J Iran Agri Sci. (1996) 34: 977-985.
-  Ridley, A. O. and R. A. Hedlin. Crop yields and soil management on the Canadian Prairies: Past and present. Can. J. Soil Sci. (1980) 60: 393–402.
-  Robson, A.D. and J. B. Pitman. Interactions between nutrients in higher plants. In: Inorganic plant nutrition: Encyclopedia of plant physiology, Vol. 1A, A. Lauchli and R. L. Bieleski, Eds.( 1983) 147–180. New York: Springer-Verlag.
-  Schmied, B., K. Abbaspour, and R. Schulin. Inverse estimation of parameters in a nitrogen model using field data. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J (2000) 64: 533–542.
-  Silvia, P.S.L., Silva J., Olivera F.H.T., Sousa A.K.F. and Duda G.P. Residual effects of cattle manure application on green ear yield and corn grain yield. Horticultura Brasileira (2006) 24: 166-169.
-  Stevenson, F.J. Soil Sci (1957) 83: 1 1 3 4 2 2.
-  Sweeney, D. W. and J. L. Moyer. In-season nitrogen uptake by grain sorghum following legume green manures in conservation tillage systems. Agron. J. (2004) 96:510–515.
-  Walker, T.W. Orchiston, H.D. and Adams, A.F.R.J. Br. Grasshnd Soc. (1954) 9: 249-274.
-  Caldiz DO. 1996. Seed potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) yield and tuber number increase after foliar applications of cytokinins and gibberellic acid under field and glasshouse conditions. Plant Growth Reg 20: 185–188.
-  Castro G, G Abdala, C Agüero, and R Tizio. 2000. Interaction between jasmonic and gibberellic acids onin vitro tuberization of potato plantlets. Potato Res 43: 83–88.
-  Walker, T.W., Adams, A.F.R. andorchiston, H.D. Soil Sci. (1956) 81: 339-351.
-  Whitehead, D.C. The role of nitrogen in grassland productivity. Commonwealth Bur. Pastures Field Oops Bull (1970) 48: 202 pp.
-  Wilkinson, S. R., D. L. Grunes, and M. E. Sumner. Nutrient interactions in soil and plant nutrition. In: Handbook of soil science, M. E. Sumner, Ed. (2000) 89–112. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
-  Danielle J. Donnelly, Warren K. Coleman, Shirlyn E. Coleman. Potato microtuber production and performance: A review. American Journal of Potato Research March 2003, Volume 80, Issue 2, pp 103–115
-  Akita M, and Y Ohta. 1998. A simple method for mass propagation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) using a bioreactor without forced aeration. Plant Cell Rep 18: 284–287
-  Ahloowalia BS. 1994. Production and performance of potato minitubers. Euphytica 75: 163–172
-  Akita M, and S Takayama. 1988. Mass propagation of potato tubers using jar fermentor techniques. Acta Hort 230: 55–61
-  T. I. N. Ezejiofor, U. E. Enenebeaku, C. K. Enenebeaku, M. U. Nwankwo, C. I. A. Ogbonnaya. Comparative study of bioethanol yield from yam, potato, watermelon, and pineapple peels using different concentrations of hydrochloric acid. World News of Natural Sciences 16 (2018) 18-32
-  Akita M, and S Takayama. 1993. Effects of medium surface level control on the mass propagation of potato tubers using a jar fermentor culture technique. Plant Tiss Cult Let 10: 242–248.
-  Akita M, and S Takayama. 1994. Stimulation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tuberization by semicontinuous liquid medium surface level control. Plant Cell Rep 3: 184–187.
-  Boiteau G, LM Moore, and D Wattie. 2000. Comparative analysis of aphid vector behavior in response to potato plants grown from field tubers, minitubers or plantlets. Am J Potato Res 77: 71–75.
-  Chandra R, GJ Randhawa, and DR Chaudhary. 1992. Use of ordinary sugar inin vitro production of potato microtubers. J Indian Pot Assoc 19: 87–89.
Publication order reference