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2018 | 101 | 44-54
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Review on Nitrogen: Forms, Functions and Effects on Potato Growth Performance

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Nitrogen has greater influence on growth and yield of crop plants than any other essential plant nutrient. Nitrogen is usually the element that is of primary importance in the determination of crop yields and quality. Potato is a sensitive crop to application management of nitrogen and amounts less or more than its requirements. The main objective of this review was to assess the forms, functions and effects in plant growth (in case of potato). Original source of nitrogen is atmosphere it is also found in soil pore spaces as dinitrogen gas and both organic and inorganic forms in the soil. Nitrogen commonly loses through leaching, volatilization, crop removal, denitrification, soil erosion and runoff. Biological fixation and commercial production are main sources of nitrogen and shortage of nitrogen shows different symptoms on different morphological parts and low nutrient content on tissues and grains (tubers) of crops. Generally nitrogen is one of essential nutrient for complete life cycle of plants. It is the first most important nutrient required relatively in large amounts by plants while soils generally contain relatively small amounts of this element.
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  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Pawe Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box-25, Ethiopia
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