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2014 | 6 | 17-25
Article title

The Gabriel Tard's theory of imitation and enforcement of imprisonment punishment

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Criminal acts are usually done through imitation which is based on observational experiences. The subject of this paper concerns imprisonment impacts on prisoners in the light of Gabriel Tard's triad of laws of imitation. The aim of this paper was to offer an appropriate guideline in order to avoid imprisonment negative impacts. One of the environments that affect people's reactions is the prison environment. Due to specific conditions of the prisoners and the prison environment, there is always the risk of offences and criminal activities in the prison environment. The origin of this imitation in the first stage is more caused by the relations that the prisoners will adopt some behavioral and verbal characteristics by getting along with each other and the negative effects they leave behind in transferring deviancy. In the second stage, people with more ill records who have served more prison terms will by exercising power and influencing new imprisoned people and by transferring their own experience to others even after release from the prison carry out their criminal activities through acquaintance with people and by forming criminal groups and gangs outside the prison environment. In the third stage, the presence of criminals alongside each other and transference of new crime commission models will precipitate the removal of the old crime commission patterns, thereby resulting in the criminals to exchange information with each other and apply new ways and tactics for committing crimes.
Publisher

Year
Volume
6
Pages
17-25
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Criminal Law, Tehran E- campus Branch, Islamic Azad Univeasity, Tehran, Iran, me.moghadam86@chmail.ir
  • Department of Law, Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395 - 3697, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Law, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad Univeasity, Islamshahr, Iran
References
  • [1] Dehkhoda, A. A. (1984). Dehkhoda Glossary. Tehran: University of Tehran Publication.
  • [2] Ansell, M. (1996). Social defense. Translated by Mohamad Ashoor and Ali Hussein Abrand Abadi. Tehran: SAMT Publication.
  • [3] Karami, Noori, R. (2007). Educational psychology. Tehran: Roshd Publication.
  • [4] Tabatabaee, S. M. H. (2000). Ijtihad and imitation in Islam and Shiites. Almizan; The Koran interpretation.
  • [5] Foucault, M. (2007). Care and punishment (Birth of prison). Translated by Nikoo Sarkhosh, Afshin Jahan Dide. Tehran: Nei Publication.
  • [6] Shams, A. (2004). Sociology of prions. Tehran: Rahe Tarbyat Publication.
  • [7] Mehdizade, H. (2007). Science of Patterns. Ghom: Center for the Islamic researches and the Ghom Broadcasting service.
  • [8] Tard, G. (1980). Laws of imitation. French edition by Elsie Clews Parsons, New york, Henry Holt, and Company.
  • [9] Hanachi, N. (2012). Social factors affecting the learning of crime. Iranian sociology association site.
  • [10] Abbas Moghadam, M. (2008). Role of patterns in education. Tehran: Peivand Publication.
  • [11] Najafi Abrand Abadi, A. H. (1992). Sociology texts. Edited by Gholam Reza Jalali. University of Shiraz.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-0d559170-b375-4db6-993f-7f7efe906d75
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