The Gabriel Tard's theory of imitation and enforcement of imprisonment punishment
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Criminal acts are usually done through imitation which is based on observational experiences. The subject of this paper concerns imprisonment impacts on prisoners in the light of Gabriel Tard's triad of laws of imitation. The aim of this paper was to offer an appropriate guideline in order to avoid imprisonment negative impacts. One of the environments that affect people's reactions is the prison environment. Due to specific conditions of the prisoners and the prison environment, there is always the risk of offences and criminal activities in the prison environment. The origin of this imitation in the first stage is more caused by the relations that the prisoners will adopt some behavioral and verbal characteristics by getting along with each other and the negative effects they leave behind in transferring deviancy. In the second stage, people with more ill records who have served more prison terms will by exercising power and influencing new imprisoned people and by transferring their own experience to others even after release from the prison carry out their criminal activities through acquaintance with people and by forming criminal groups and gangs outside the prison environment. In the third stage, the presence of criminals alongside each other and transference of new crime commission models will precipitate the removal of the old crime commission patterns, thereby resulting in the criminals to exchange information with each other and apply new ways and tactics for committing crimes.
- Department of Criminal Law, Tehran E- campus Branch, Islamic Azad Univeasity, Tehran, Iran, email@example.com
- Department of Law, Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395 - 3697, Tehran, Iran
- Department of Law, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad Univeasity, Islamshahr, Iran
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