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2019 | 25 | 199-219
Article title

Composition of volatile flavor compounds from mackerel head broth and mackerel bone broth, Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède, 1800)

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Mackerel of Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède, 1800) is a fish that has thick meat of a distinctive taste and is a favorite of Indonesian people. It is made into various types of processed seafood. The amount of edible flesh of the fish is 65%, meaning that the waste from the fish is 35%, including the head and bones. The purpose of this study was to determine the type and class of volatile compound components that can be drawn from mackerel head and fish bone, by making these into a broth. This study uses an experimental method by testing the composition of volatile flavor compounds and then undertaking proximate testing. The method of extracting volatile flavor compounds that was applied is Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME), while Gas Chromatography / Mass Spectrometry (GC / MS) was harnessed to identify the volatile flavor. Accordingly, 150 compounds were detected in the sample of mackerel head broth, as compared with 133 compounds in mackerel bone broth. The compounds that were detected are hydrocarbons, aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, organic compounds and others. That which has the largest proportion is pentadecane from the hydrocarbon group, with a value of 18,545%. The proximate analysis results showed that mackerel head broth samples had a 96.08% water content, 1.55% ash content, 0.28% fat content and 2.78% protein content, while samples of mackerel bone broth had a 96.69% water content, 1.54% ash content, 0.44% fat content and 1.84% protein content.
Year
Volume
25
Pages
199-219
Physical description
Contributors
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
author
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
author
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
References
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Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-09c23ebb-133e-47d5-bf64-1e1dc2a12cf9
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