Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 83 | 62-74
Article title

Knowledge Attitude and Practices of Caregivers on Management and Treatment of Childhood Malaria in Ogun State, South-Western Nigeria

Title variants
Languages of publication
Home management of malaria involves presumptively treating febrile children at clinic or near home with antimalarial drugs distributed by trained members of the community provide medications and educate primary caregivers about treatment of malaria and recognition of severe illness. Structured questionnaires were administered to the parents, health workers and patent medicine vendors to determine acceptability of rectal artesunate and treatment seeking behaviours. Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS version 20 to assess association with p-value of < 0.05. Current first line antimalarial drug for treating childhood malaria at the PHCs was artesunate derivatives (90.3%) with no usage of chloroquine derivatives (0%) and common route of administration was intra-muscular (81.4%) with least usage of rectal (6.2%). Patent medicine vendors showed that the common drug derivatives purchase for treating childhood malaria was chloroquine derivatives (89.2%) with oral (91.9%) as most common route of administration and no awareness of rectal route (0%). Cases of resistance of malaria parasites to anti-malarial drugs, mostly chloroquine derivatives (89.3%) and least with artesunate derivatives (7.1%) observed by health workers. Incomplete dosage (95.6%) and fake drug (84.9%) were described as main factors responsible for malaria parasite resistance. Patent medicine vendors have come across cases of resistance of malaria parasites to anti-malarial drugs mostly chloroquine derivatives (93.2%) with drug abuse (89.2%) and fake drug (82.4%). Treatment of malaria is challenged by inadequate health-care infrastructure and community-based interventions.
Physical description
  • Parasitology Unit, Department of Pure and Applied Zoology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Nigeria
  • Parasitology Unit, Department of Pure and Applied Zoology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Nigeria
  • Parasitology Unit, Department of Pure and Applied Zoology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Nigeria
  • Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Nigeria
  • Executive Secretary Office, National University Commission, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Department of Microbiology, Ogun State Polytechnic, Igbesa, Nigeria
  • [1] Abdullahi, K., Abubakar, U., Adamu, T., Daneji, A.I., Aliyu, R.U., Jiya, N., Ibraheem, M.T.O. and Nata’ala, S.U. (2009). Malaria in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8 (24): 7101-7105.
  • [2] Adebayo, A.M., Akinyemi, O.O. and Cadmus, E.O. (2015). Knowledge of Malaria Prevention among Pregnant Women and Female Caregivers of under-five Children in Rural Southwest Nigeria. PeerJ, 3: e792.
  • [3] Ajayi, I.O., Falade, C.O., Bamgboye, E.A., Oduola, A.M.J. and Kale, O.O. (2008). Assessment of a Treatment Guideline to Improve Home Management of Malaria in Children in Rural South-West Nigeria. Malaria Journal, 7: 24.
  • [4] Amoran, O.E. (2013). Impact of health education intervention on malaria prevention practices among nurses mothers in rural communities in Nigeria. Nigeria Medical Journal, 54(2): 115-122.
  • [5] Duong, S., Lim, P., Fandeur, T., Tsuyuoka, R. and Wongsrichanalai, C. (2004). Importance of Protection of Antimalarial Combination Therapies. Lancet, 364: 1754-1755.
  • [6] Durnez, L., Mao, S., Denis, L., Roelants, P., Sochantha, T. and Coosemans, M. (2013). Outdoor Malaria Transmission in Forested Villages of Cambodia. Malaria Journal, 12: 329.
  • [7] Ezenduka, C.C., Ogbonna, B.O., Ekwunife, O.I., Okonta, M.J. and Esimone, C.O. (2014). Drugs Use Pattern for Uncomplicated Malaria in Medicine Retail Outlets in Enugu Urban, Southeast Nigeria: Implications for Malaria Treatment Policy. Malaria Journal, 13: 243.
  • [8] Fatugase, O.M., Amoran O.E. and Fatugase, O.K. (2013). The Impact of Health Education Intervention on Perception and Treatment Seeking Behaviour about Childhood Infections among Caregivers in Rural Communities in Western Nigeria. British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, 3(4): 1331-1343.
  • [9] Fatungase, K.O., Amoran, O.E. and Alausa, K.O. (2012). The effect of Health Education Intervention on the Home Management of Malaria among Care Givers of Children Aged under 5 years in Ogun State, Nigeria. European Journal of Medical Research, 17: 11-16.
  • [10] Kallander, K., Tomson, G., Nsungwa-Sabiiti, J., Senyonjo, Y., Pariyo, G. and Peterson, S. (2006). Community Referral in Home Management of Malaria in Western Uganda: A Case Series Study. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 6: 2.
  • [11] Laufer, M.K., Harrison, T.S., Dzinjalamala, F.K. and Stine, O.C. (2010). Return of Chloroquine-Susceptible Falciparum Malaria in Malawi was a Re-Expansion of Diverse Susceptible Parasites. Journal of Infectious Disease, 202: 801-808.
  • [12] Moerman, F., Lengeler, C., Chimumbwa, J., Talisuna, A., Erhart, A., Coosemans, M. and D'Alessandro, U. (2003). The Contribution of Health-Care Services to a Sound and Sustainable Malaria-Control Policy. Lancet of Infectious Disease, 3: 99-102.
  • [13] Nigerian Vanguard. (2012). April, Chukwu Onyebuchi (Minister of Health’s Speech)
  • [14] Olukosi, Y.A., Oyebola, M.K., Ajibaye, O., Orok, B.A., Aina, O.O., Agomo, C.O., Iwalokun, B.A., Akindele, S.K., Enya, V.N.V. and Okoh. H.I. (2014). Persistence of Markers of Chloroquine Resistance among P. falciparum Isolates Recovered from Two Nigerian Communities. MWJ, 5: 3.
  • [15] Onwuka, A. (2012). Saving Nigeria from a Mass Killer. Punch Viewpoint. Tuesday November 13. pp21.
  • [16] Talisuna, A.O., Bloland, P. and D'Alessandro U. (2004)). History, Dynamics, and Public Health Importance of Malaria Parasite Resistance. Clinical Microbiology Revelation, 17: 235-254.
  • [17] Anil Pawar, Sandeep Kumar, An Analytical Review on Inter-relationships Between Climate Change and Malaria Transmission. World News of Natural Sciences 11 (2017) 1-4
  • [18] Francis C. Ihenetu, Michael I. Nwachukwu, Chinyere N. Ohalete, Treasure Njideka Njoku-Obi, Ogechi I. Nwachukwu, Chinyere I. Okoro, Bright Chinemerem Okereke, Stanley Chukwuemeka Ihenetu, G6PD Activity in Malaria Infected Children in Owerri. World News of Natural Sciences 12 (2017) 63-72
  • [19] World Health Organization, (2004). The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 update
  • [20] World Health Organization, (2005). The Roll Back Malaria strategy for improving access to treatment through home management for malaria., World Health Organization; 2005.
  • [21] World Health Organization, (2010). World Health Organization Malaria Fact sheet N°94 April 2010.
  • [22] WHO/RBM. (2011). Global Plan for Artemisinin Resistance Containment, World Health Org., Drug Resistance and Containment Unit, Global Malaria Programme, and Roll Back Malaria, Geneva.
  • [23] Wiseman, V., Kim, M., Mutabingwa, T. and Whitty, C. (2006). Cost-Effectiveness Study of Three Antimalarial Drug Combinations in Tanzania, PloS Medicine, 10: e373.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.