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2018 | 18 | 74 | 212–223
Article title

Articular abnormalities that may mimic arthritis

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PL
Choroby stawów mogące imitować zapalenie stawów
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Abstracts
EN
There are numerous abnormalities that present with similar signs and symptoms to arthritis. In this article some of these conditions that can masquerade as arthritis are discussed. Synovial osteochondromatosis is an uncommon benign disorder marked by the metaplastic proliferation of multiple cartilaginous nodules in the synovial membrane of the joints, bursae, or tendon sheaths. Pigmented villonodular synovitis, also known as diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumor, is a locally destructive fibrohistiocytic proliferation, characterized by many villous and nodular synovial protrusions which affects the joints. Synovial hemangioma is a rare benign lesion whose pathogenesis is still unclear. It commonly affects the knee joint, although the other articulations, such as elbow, wrist, and ankle may also be involved. Lipoma arborescens, also known as villous lipomatous proliferation of the synovial membrane, is a rare intra-articular disorder characterized by a non-neoplastic lipomatous proliferation of the synovium. The term “arborescens” refers to the characteristic tree-like morphology of the lesion, which resembles a frond-like mass.
PL
Istnieje wiele chorób, które mogą dawać podobne objawy przedmiotowe i podmiotowe do zapalenia stawów. Niniejszy artykuł przedstawia przegląd niektórych z nich. Kostniakochrzęstniakowatość maziówki jest nieczęstym łagodnym zaburzeniem, w którego przebiegu dochodzi do proliferacji licznych guzków chrzęstnych w błonie maziowej stawów, kaletek i pochewek ścięgnistych. Barwnikowe kosmkowo-guzkowe zapalenie błony maziowej stawów, zwane także postacią rozlaną guza olbrzymiokomórkowego pochewek ścięgnistych, to miejscowo destrukcyjna choroba charakteryzująca się przerostem fibrohistiocytarnym z obecnością licznych kosmkowych i guzkowych wypustek błony maziowej stawów. Naczyniak maziówkowy jest łagodną zmianą o wciąż niewyjaśnionej patogenezie. Zwykle występuje w stawie kolanowym, choć może także pojawić się w innych stawach, np. łokciowym, nadgarstka i skokowym. Tłuszczak drzewiasty, czyli kosmkowa, tłuszczowata zmiana rozrostowa błony maziowej, jest rzadkim zaburzeniem wewnątrzstawowym, charakteryzującym się nienowotworową proliferacją tłuszczową błony maziowej. Nazwa tej choroby odzwierciedla drzewopodobną lub liściopodobną morfologię zmiany.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
18
Issue
74
Pages
212–223
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Radiology, University of California School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, USA, agreenspan@ucdavis.edu
  • Leeds Teaching Hospitals and Leeds University, Leeds, UK
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-049016df-31e2-4b5e-9f37-3be983c91dfd
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