Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 21 | 130-140
Article title

The Effect of Probiotic Addition in Commercial Feed to Growth and Survival Rate of Sangkuriang Catfishes (Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822))

Title variants
Languages of publication
This study was conducted to determine the effect of probiotic addition in commercial feed to the growth and survival rate of Sangkuriang catfish (Clarias gariepinus). This research was conducted at the Ciparanje Experimental Pond Laboratory, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, West Java. The method in used this research was Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and four replications. The treatment was the variances of probiotic addition which consisted of control (without probiotics), probiotic addition at as much as 0.5 grams / kg of feed, 1 gram / kg of feed and 1.5 grams / kg of feed. The parameters observed were specific growth rate (SGR), absolute biomass, survival rate (SR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR). Data were analyzed using Variant Analysis, at 95% confidence level, and continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the increase in the daily growth rate of Sangkuriang catfish was straight-line with the addition of probiotics. Furthermore, commercial probiotics with a dose of 1 gram / kg of feed resulted in specific growth rate of 4.22%, absolute weight of 11 grams, survival rate (SR) of 97.5% and FCR of 0.89.
Physical description
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
  • [1] Cruz, P. M., A.L. Ibanez, O.A.M Hermosillo and H.C.R. Saad. 2012. Use of Probiotic in Aquaculture. ISRN Microbiology, doi: 10. 5402/2012/1916845
  • [2] Faizullah, M., Rajagopalsamy, C.B.T., Ahilan. B and Francis, T. 2015. Impact of bofloc technology on the growth of Goldfish young ones. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 8 (13).
  • [3] Fuller, R. 1987. A review, Probiotics in Man and Animals. Journal of Applied Bacteriology. 66: 365-37.
  • [4] Gatesoupe, F. J. 1999. The Use of Probiotics in Aquaculture. Aquaculture 180 (2-3), 147-165.
  • [5] Gatesoupe, F. J. 2008. Updating the Importance of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Fish farming: natural occurrence and probiotic treatments. J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 14(1–3): 107–114.
  • [6] Irianto, A., P. A. W. Robertson and B. Austin, 2003. Oral administration of formalin-inactivated cells of Aeromonas hydrophila A3-51 controls infection by atypical A. salmonicida in goldfish, Carassius auratus (L.). Journal of Fish Diseases, 26: 117–120.
  • [7] Iribarren, D., P. Daga, M. T. Moreira and G. Feijoo. 2012. Potential Environmental Effects of Probiotics Used in Aquaculture. Aquacult. Int. 20: 779-789.
  • [8] Kennedy, S.B., Jr. Tucker., J. W. Neidic., L. Carole., G. K. Cooper., J. L. Jarrell. and D.G. Sennett. 1998. Bacterial management strategies for stock enhancement of warmwater marine fish: A case study with common snook (Centropomus undecimalis). Bulletin of Marine Science, 62: 573-588.
  • [9] Liu CH, Chiu CS, Ho PL, dan Wang SW. 2009. Improvement in the growth performance of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, by a protease-producing probiotic, Bacillus subtilisE20, from natto. Journal of Applied Microbiology 107: 1031–1041.
  • [10] Macey, B. M., dan V. E. Coyne. 2005. Improved Growth Rate andDisease Resistance of Farmed Haliotis Midae Through Probiotic Treatment. Journal Aquaculture 245: 249-261.
  • [11] Mao, W., R. Pan and D. Freedman. 1992. High Production of Alkaline Protease by Bacillus licheniformis in a FedBatch Fermentation Using a Syntetic Medium. J. of Industrial Microbiology, 11: 1-6.
  • [12] Moriaty D. J. W. 1998. Control of luminous Vibrio species in penaeid aquaculture pond. Aquaculture, 164: 351-358.
  • [13] Nayak SK. 2010. Probiotics and Immunity: A Fish Perspective. Review. Fish and a Shellfish Immunologi 29: 2-14.
  • [14] Rajikkannu M., Natarajan N., Santhanam P., Deivasigamani B., Ilamathi J. & Janani S. 2015. Effect of probiotics on the haematological parameters of Indian major carp (Labeo rohita). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 2(5): 105-109.
  • [15] Rosenfeld, W.D & Zobell, C.E. 1947. Antibiotic production by marine microorganisms. Journal of Bacteriology 54: 393- 398.
  • [16] Sarles, William Bowen., William Carrol Frazier and Joe Bransford Wilson. 1956. Microbiology: General and Applied, second edition. Harper and Brothers, New York.
  • [17] Verschuere L, G Rombaut, P Sorgeloos, W Verstraete. 2000. Probiotic Bacteria as Biological Control Agents in Aquaqulture. Microbiology and Molecular Reviews 64, 4: 655-671.
  • [18] Wang, YB. Li, J.R., and Lin, J. 2008. Probiotics in Aquaculture: Challenges and Outlook. Journal Aquaculture 281: 1-4.
  • [19] Watson AK, Kaspar H, Lategan MJ, dan Gibson L. 2008. Probiotics in aquaculture: The need, principles and mechanisms of action and screening processes. Aquaculture 274: 1–14.
  • [20] Widarni., Ekasari, J. and Maryam, S. 2012. Evaluation of biofloc technology application on water quality and production performance of Red tilapia Oreochromis sp. cultured at different stocking densities. Hayati Journal of Biosciences. Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 73-80.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.