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2015 | 15 | 4 | 175–181
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Advantages and pitfalls of the Swedish National Program for Suicide Prevention 2008

Title variants
Zalety i wady szwedzkiego krajowego programu zapobiegania samobójstwom z 2008 roku
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Introduction: The World Health Organization report (2014) recommends the introduction of national programs for suicide prevention. However, the research on their effectiveness is scarce. As a result, policy makers do not have sufficient data for their decisions on the appropriate level of investment in suicide prevention. It is of great importance to know whether the introduction of a national prevention program results in a reduction in suicide rates, and if so, in what age groups and over what period of time after the announcement of the program. Sweden introduced the first suicide prevention program in 1995. It was then modified in 2008, and most recently in 2015. Objectives: The aim of this study was to answer the question about the impact of the suicide prevention program in Sweden (2008) on the total suicide rate as well as the age- and gender-specific suicide rates in the subsequent years. Material and methods: The study provides the overview of the suicide prevention program and suicide rates in Sweden in males and females, in the age groups 0–24, 25–44, 45–64 and over 65, 1, 3 and 6 years before and after the introduction of the national program for suicide prevention. The study presents the statistical analysis of changes in average suicide rates following the announcement of the Swedish National Program for Suicide Prevention 2008 with reference to chosen periods. Conclusions: The Swedish National Program for Suicide Prevention did not result in the reduction of suicide rates in the year after its introduction, whereas suicide rates decreased in all groups, except for the youth (under 24 years old), in 2009–2011 and 2009–2014.
Wstęp: Choć raport Światowej Organizacji Zdrowia (2014) zaleca wprowadzenie krajowych programów zapobiegania samobójstwom, niewiele jest badań nad ich efektywnością. W rezultacie decydenci nie mają wystarczających danych do podejmowania decyzji w sprawie odpowiedniego poziomu finansowania inwestycji mających na celu zapobieganie samobójstw. Musimy wiedzieć, czy wprowadzenie narodowego programu zapobiegania prowadzi do redukcji liczby samobójstw, a jeśli tak, to w jakich grupach wiekowych i w jakim czasie po ogłoszeniu programu. Szwecja wprowadziła pierwszy program zapobiegania samobójstwom w 1995 roku, następnie modyfikowała go w 2008, a ostatnio w 2015 roku. Cel badania: W badaniu starano się uzyskać odpowiedź na pytanie dotyczące wpływu szwedzkiego programu zapobiegania samobójstwom z 2008 roku na liczbę samobójstw w kolejnych latach w zależności od wieku i płci. Materiał i metody: Badanie przedstawia przegląd programu zapobiegania samobójstwom i wskaźników samobójstw u mężczyzn i kobiet w Szwecji w grupach wiekowych 0–24, 25–44, 45–64, ponad 65 lat w ciągu roku, 3 oraz 6 lat przed i po wprowadzeniu krajowego programu zapobiegania samobójstwom. Zaprezentowano analizę statystyczną zmian uśrednionego wskaźnika samobójstw po ogłoszeniu szwedzkiego krajowego programu zapobiegania samobójstwom w 2008 roku w odniesieniu do wybranych okresów. Wnioski: Szwedzki krajowy program zapobiegania samobójstwom nie spowodował zmniejszenia liczby samobójstw w ciągu roku po jego wprowadzeniu, natomiast wskaźnik samobójstw zmniejszył się we wszystkich grupach z wyjątkiem młodzieży (poniżej 24. roku życia) w latach 2009–2011 i 2009–2014.
Physical description
  • Mid-Sweden Network for Suicide Prevention, Sweden. PhD student at Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Łódź, Poland.
  • Klinika Psychiatrii Młodzieżowej Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Łodzi, Poland
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