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2020 | 33 | 64-72
Article title

Abundance and Distribution of Patas Monkey (Erythrocebus patas Schreber, 1775) in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria

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Abstracts
EN
Assessment of abundance and distribution of Patas monkey in Kainji Lake National Park (Zugurma sector) was carried out from March to July, 2019. Data were collected using direct sighting (Census by Ground Survey Method) and line transect method using the existing jeep tracks. The location was transverse in the morning between (7:00 and 11:00 a.m.) and in the evening (16:00 to 18:30 p.m.), binocular was used for viewing of animals. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics in the form of table and frequency count. The spatial distribution of Patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) in the study area revealed that Mayara track had the highest percentage (32.2%), followed by Abubakar mashegu track with (27.1%) while Etsu usman track recorded the least percentage (16.9%). It also indicates that month of April had the highest number (20) while the month of July 2019 recorded the least one with (8). The population structure revealed that female had the highest frequency 34, followed by male recorded frequency with 25 while young had the least frequency 15. The food eaten by Patas monkey in the study area are Cercocephalis laurifolis, Piper guineenis, Vitelaria paradoxa, Tarminrandus indica, Annona senegalensis and Ficus species, respectively. The forage utilization showed that seed is the most utilized part of the plant they feed on. Human wildlife conflicts could be a major setback for the conservation of this animal as these animals migrate to support zone community’s agricultural farm to feed on their crops during the dry season and cause a lot of damage to their corps. This can make the supporting zone community to have a negative attitude towards the conservation of Patas monkey.
Year
Volume
33
Pages
64-72
Physical description
Contributors
  • Federal College of Wildlife Management, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B 268, New-Bussa, Nigeria
author
  • Federal College of Wildlife Management, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B 268, New-Bussa, Nigeria
References
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  • [3] Ajayi, S.S. and Hall, K.M. (1975). A management Plan for Borgu Game Reserve Prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • [4] O. A. Akande, Y. A. Ahmad, H. O. Yusuf, T. G. Akinade, Assessment of wildlife conservation awareness and practices in some selected secondary school around Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World Scientific News 115 (2019) 91-103
  • [5] Andrade, G.S.M. and Rhodes J.R. (2012). Protected areas and local communities: an in evitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies? Ecology and Society 17(4): 14-18
  • [6] Archabald, K. and Naughton-Traves, L. (2001). Tourism revenue-sharing around national parks in Western Uganda: Early efforts to identify and reward local communities. Environmental Conservation 28: 135-149
  • [7] Ayodele, I.A., Ebin, C.O. and Alarape, A.A. (1999). Essentials of Wildlife Management. Jachin Publisher, Ibadan, Nigeria. 88 pp.
  • [8] Barbara, B.S., Derothy, L., Cheneg, Robert M., Seyfartn, Richard, W. and Wrongham, T. (1987). Primate Societies, Published by University of Chicago Press. 578 pp.
  • [9] Cheney, D.L. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2018. Flexible usage and social function in primate vocalizations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115: 1974-1979
  • [10] Dannenfeldt, K.H. (1985). Europe Discovers Civet Cats and Civet. Journal of the History of Biology, 18 (3): 403-431
  • [11] U. I. Fingesi, T. J. Orsar, P. O. Egwumah, B. T. Tyowua, Abundance and Distribution of Kob (Kobus kob Erxleben, 1777) in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World Scientific News 138(2) (2019) 260-276
  • [12] Infield M, Namara A (2001). Community attitudes and behavior towards conservation: an assessment of community conservation program around Lake Mburo National park, Uganda. Oryx 35(1): 48-60
  • [13] Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D. and Young, T.P. (1998). Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) as estimators of food resource size, density and distribution. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol 42: 123-133
  • [14] Ivan-Crab, J. (2010). Observations on the behaviour and ecology of the patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) in the Waza Reserve, Cameroon. Journal of Zoology, London 161: 49-63
  • [15] Kideghesho, J.R., Røskaft, E. and Kaltenborn, B.P. (2007). Factors influencing conservation attitudes of local people in western Serengeti, Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 2213-2230
  • [16] Mendoza, M. and Palmqvist, P. (2007). Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat? J. Zool. 274: 134-142
  • [17] Nakagawa, N. (2000). Foraging energetics in patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and tantalus monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops tantalus): implications for reproductive seasonality. American Journal of Primatology 52: 169-185
  • [18] Ogada M.O., Woodroffe R., Oguge N.O., Frank L.G. (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores: The role of livestock husbandry. Consevation Biol. 17:1521-1530
  • [19] Ogunjobi, J.A. and Adeola, A.J. (2016). Wild Vertebrates Associated with Crop Raiding Around Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. Applied Tropical Agriculture Volume 21(3), 138-142
  • [20] Ogutu, J.O., Owen-Smith, N., Piepho, H.P. and Said, M.Y. (2011). Continuing wildlife population declines and range contraction in the Mara region of Kenya during 1977–2009. Journal of Zoology 285, 99-109
  • [21] Owen-Smith, N. and Mills, M.G.L. (2008). Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 173-183
  • [22] Root, H. (2007). Enhancing Tourism Industry through Community Participation: A Strategy for Poverty Reduction in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Journal of Environmental Protection 4, 1108-1122
  • [23] Sitati, N.W., Walpole, M.J. and Leader-Williams, N. (2005). Factors affecting susceptibility of farms to crop raiding by African elephants: using a predictive model to mitigate conflict. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 1175-1182
  • [24] Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2018. Pragmatic flexibility in primate vocal production. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 21: 56-61
  • [25] Silk, J.B., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2018. Quality versus quantity: do weak bonds enhance the fitness of female baboons? Animal Behaviour 140: 207-211
  • [26] Schamberg, I., Cheney, D.L. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2017. Bonobos (Pan paniscus) perform branch drag displays before long-distance travel. International Journal of Primatology 38: 500-512
  • [27] Schamberg, I., Cheney, D.L., Clay, Z. Hohmann, G. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2017. Bonobos use call combinations to facilitate inter-party travel recruitment. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 21: 71-75
  • [28] Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2017. Precursors to language: Social cognition and pragmatic inference in primates. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 24: 79-84
  • [1] Adeola, A.J., Ibrahim, A.O., Adeola, A.N., Alaye, S.A. and Akande, O.A. (2018). Primates Associated with Crop Raiding Around Borgu Sector of Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World News of Natural Sciences 18(2): 223-231
  • [2] Afolayan, T.A. (1978). Nigeria Threatened Environment. A National Profile. 28 pp.
  • [3] Ajayi, S.S. and Hall, K.M. (1975). A management Plan for Borgu Game Reserve Prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • [4] O. A. Akande, Y. A. Ahmad, H. O. Yusuf, T. G. Akinade, Assessment of wildlife conservation awareness and practices in some selected secondary school around Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World Scientific News 115 (2019) 91-103
  • [5] Andrade, G.S.M. and Rhodes J.R. (2012). Protected areas and local communities: an in evitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies? Ecology and Society 17(4): 14-18
  • [6] Archabald, K. and Naughton-Traves, L. (2001). Tourism revenue-sharing around national parks in Western Uganda: Early efforts to identify and reward local communities. Environmental Conservation 28: 135-149
  • [7] Ayodele, I.A., Ebin, C.O. and Alarape, A.A. (1999). Essentials of Wildlife Management. Jachin Publisher, Ibadan, Nigeria. 88 pp.
  • [8] Barbara, B.S., Derothy, L., Cheneg, Robert M., Seyfartn, Richard, W. and Wrongham, T. (1987). Primate Societies, Published by University of Chicago Press. 578 pp.
  • [9] Cheney, D.L. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2018. Flexible usage and social function in primate vocalizations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115: 1974-1979
  • [10] Dannenfeldt, K.H. (1985). Europe Discovers Civet Cats and Civet. Journal of the History of Biology, 18 (3): 403-431
  • [11] U. I. Fingesi, T. J. Orsar, P. O. Egwumah, B. T. Tyowua, Abundance and Distribution of Kob (Kobus kob Erxleben, 1777) in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World Scientific News 138(2) (2019) 260-276
  • [12] Infield M, Namara A (2001). Community attitudes and behavior towards conservation: an assessment of community conservation program around Lake Mburo National park, Uganda. Oryx 35(1): 48-60
  • [13] Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D. and Young, T.P. (1998). Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) as estimators of food resource size, density and distribution. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol 42: 123-133
  • [14] Ivan-Crab, J. (2010). Observations on the behaviour and ecology of the patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) in the Waza Reserve, Cameroon. Journal of Zoology, London 161: 49-63
  • [15] Kideghesho, J.R., Røskaft, E. and Kaltenborn, B.P. (2007). Factors influencing conservation attitudes of local people in western Serengeti, Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 2213-2230
  • [16] Mendoza, M. and Palmqvist, P. (2007). Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat? J. Zool. 274: 134-142
  • [17] Nakagawa, N. (2000). Foraging energetics in patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and tantalus monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops tantalus): implications for reproductive seasonality. American Journal of Primatology 52: 169-185
  • [18] Ogada M.O., Woodroffe R., Oguge N.O., Frank L.G. (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores: The role of livestock husbandry. Consevation Biol. 17:1521-1530
  • [19] Ogunjobi, J.A. and Adeola, A.J. (2016). Wild Vertebrates Associated with Crop Raiding Around Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. Applied Tropical Agriculture Volume 21(3), 138-142
  • [20] Ogutu, J.O., Owen-Smith, N., Piepho, H.P. and Said, M.Y. (2011). Continuing wildlife population declines and range contraction in the Mara region of Kenya during 1977–2009. Journal of Zoology 285, 99-109
  • [21] Owen-Smith, N. and Mills, M.G.L. (2008). Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 173-183
  • [22] Root, H. (2007). Enhancing Tourism Industry through Community Participation: A Strategy for Poverty Reduction in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Journal of Environmental Protection 4, 1108-1122
  • [23] Sitati, N.W., Walpole, M.J. and Leader-Williams, N. (2005). Factors affecting susceptibility of farms to crop raiding by African elephants: using a predictive model to mitigate conflict. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 1175-1182
  • [24] Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2018. Pragmatic flexibility in primate vocal production. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 21: 56-61
  • [25] Silk, J.B., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2018. Quality versus quantity: do weak bonds enhance the fitness of female baboons? Animal Behaviour 140: 207-211
  • [26] Schamberg, I., Cheney, D.L. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2017. Bonobos (Pan paniscus) perform branch drag displays before long-distance travel. International Journal of Primatology 38: 500-512
  • [27] Schamberg, I., Cheney, D.L., Clay, Z. Hohmann, G. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2017. Bonobos use call combinations to facilitate inter-party travel recruitment. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 21: 71-75
  • [28] Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2017. Precursors to language: Social cognition and pragmatic inference in primates. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 24: 79-84
  • [1] Adeola, A.J., Ibrahim, A.O., Adeola, A.N., Alaye, S.A. and Akande, O.A. (2018). Primates Associated with Crop Raiding Around Borgu Sector of Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World News of Natural Sciences 18(2): 223-231
  • [2] Afolayan, T.A. (1978). Nigeria Threatened Environment. A National Profile. 28 pp.
  • [3] Ajayi, S.S. and Hall, K.M. (1975). A management Plan for Borgu Game Reserve Prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kwara State, Nigeria
  • [4] O. A. Akande, Y. A. Ahmad, H. O. Yusuf, T. G. Akinade, Assessment of wildlife conservation awareness and practices in some selected secondary school around Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World Scientific News 115 (2019) 91-103
  • [5] Andrade, G.S.M. and Rhodes J.R. (2012). Protected areas and local communities: an in evitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies? Ecology and Society 17(4): 14-18
  • [6] Archabald, K. and Naughton-Traves, L. (2001). Tourism revenue-sharing around national parks in Western Uganda: Early efforts to identify and reward local communities. Environmental Conservation 28: 135-149
  • [7] Ayodele, I.A., Ebin, C.O. and Alarape, A.A. (1999). Essentials of Wildlife Management. Jachin Publisher, Ibadan, Nigeria. 88 pp.
  • [8] Barbara, B.S., Derothy, L., Cheneg, Robert M., Seyfartn, Richard, W. and Wrongham, T. (1987). Primate Societies, Published by University of Chicago Press. 578 pp.
  • [9] Cheney, D.L. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2018. Flexible usage and social function in primate vocalizations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115: 1974-1979
  • [10] Dannenfeldt, K.H. (1985). Europe Discovers Civet Cats and Civet. Journal of the History of Biology, 18 (3): 403-431
  • [11] U. I. Fingesi, T. J. Orsar, P. O. Egwumah, B. T. Tyowua, Abundance and Distribution of Kob (Kobus kob Erxleben, 1777) in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World Scientific News 138(2) (2019) 260-276
  • [12] Infield M, Namara A (2001). Community attitudes and behavior towards conservation: an assessment of community conservation program around Lake Mburo National park, Uganda. Oryx 35(1): 48-60
  • [13] Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D. and Young, T.P. (1998). Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) as estimators of food resource size, density and distribution. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol 42: 123-133
  • [14] Ivan-Crab, J. (2010). Observations on the behaviour and ecology of the patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) in the Waza Reserve, Cameroon. Journal of Zoology, London 161: 49-63
  • [15] Kideghesho, J.R., Røskaft, E. and Kaltenborn, B.P. (2007). Factors influencing conservation attitudes of local people in western Serengeti, Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 2213-2230
  • [16] Mendoza, M. and Palmqvist, P. (2007). Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat? J. Zool. 274: 134-142
  • [17] Nakagawa, N. (2000). Foraging energetics in patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and tantalus monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops tantalus): implications for reproductive seasonality. American Journal of Primatology 52: 169-185
  • [18] Ogada M.O., Woodroffe R., Oguge N.O., Frank L.G. (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores: The role of livestock husbandry. Consevation Biol. 17:1521-1530
  • [19] Ogunjobi, J.A. and Adeola, A.J. (2016). Wild Vertebrates Associated with Crop Raiding Around Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. Applied Tropical Agriculture Volume 21(3), 138-142
  • [20] Ogutu, J.O., Owen-Smith, N., Piepho, H.P. and Said, M.Y. (2011). Continuing wildlife population declines and range contraction in the Mara region of Kenya during 1977–2009. Journal of Zoology 285, 99-109
  • [21] Owen-Smith, N. and Mills, M.G.L. (2008). Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 173-183
  • [22] Root, H. (2007). Enhancing Tourism Industry through Community Participation: A Strategy for Poverty Reduction in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Journal of Environmental Protection 4, 1108-1122
  • [23] Sitati, N.W., Walpole, M.J. and Leader-Williams, N. (2005). Factors affecting susceptibility of farms to crop raiding by African elephants: using a predictive model to mitigate conflict. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 1175-1182
  • [24] Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2018. Pragmatic flexibility in primate vocal production. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 21: 56-61
  • [25] Silk, J.B., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2018. Quality versus quantity: do weak bonds enhance the fitness of female baboons? Animal Behaviour 140: 207-211
  • [26] Schamberg, I., Cheney, D.L. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2017. Bonobos (Pan paniscus) perform branch drag displays before long-distance travel. International Journal of Primatology 38: 500-512
  • [27] Schamberg, I., Cheney, D.L., Clay, Z. Hohmann, G. & Seyfarth, R.M. 2017. Bonobos use call combinations to facilitate inter-party travel recruitment. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 21: 71-75
  • [28] Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. 2017. Precursors to language: Social cognition and pragmatic inference in primates. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 24: 79-84
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-0054f46b-e325-4e29-805a-ce4a1d48daee
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