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2015 | 15 | 1 | 4–12
Article title

On the factor structure of the Dissociative Experiences Scale: contribution with an Italian version of the DES-II

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Title variants
PL
Struktura czynnikowa Skali Przeżyć Dysocjacyjnych: włoska wersja skali DES-II
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EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Aim of the study: Notwithstanding its clinical and empirical relevance, there is no consensus on how to conceptualize dissociation. This may be partly due to the conflicting results yielded on the factor structure of the gold-standard selfreport measure of dissociation (the Dissociative Experiences Scale-Revised; DES-II, Carlson and Putnam, 1993). In an attempt to advance research on this topic, we sought to explore the factorial structure of an Italian version of the DES-II. Material and methods: A sample of 320 subjects (122 inmates and 198 community participants) was administered the Italian version of the DES-II. Results: The Italian version of the DES-II showed good psychometric properties and replicated a two-factor structure. Items content seemed to support the distinction into two qualitatively different forms of dissociative experiences, described as detachment and compartmentalization phenomena. In line with the expectations, participants in the inmate sample reported higher rates of dissociative experiences than community participants, on both dimensions. Conclusions: This study provides further support for the validity of the Italian version of the DES-II for use with community and inmate samples. Furthermore, we corroborated previous evidence on a two-factor structure of the DES-II, which is consistent with theoretical assumptions describing two distinct, albeit overlapping, dissociative dimensions (i.e., detachment and compartmentalization).
PL
Cel badania: Niezależnie od wartości klinicznej i empirycznej pojęcia, jakim jest dysocjacja, nie ma zgody co do właściwego sposobu jego konceptualizacji. Częściowo może to być spowodowane sprzecznymi wynikami analizy struktury czynnikowej złotego standardu wśród narzędzi do samooceny zjawisk dysocjacyjnych, jakim jest Skala Przeżyć Dysocjacyjnych (Dissociative Experiences Scale-Revised; DES-II, Carlson i Putnam, 1993). Mając na celu pogłębienie badań na ten temat, autorzy podjęli się analizy struktury czynnikowej włoskiej wersji skali DES-II. Materiał i metody: Badanie obejmowało próbę 320 osób (122 więźniów i 198 osób należących do populacji ogólnej). Zastosowano w nim włoską wersję skali DES-II. Wyniki: Włoska wersja skali DES-II wykazała dobre właściwości psychometryczne i została w niej zreplikowana struktura dwuczynnikowa. Treść pozycji na skali wydawała się potwierdzać istnienie podziału na dwie jakościowo inne formy przeżyć dysocjacyjnych, ujmowane jako oddzielenie (ang. detachment) i szufladkowanie (ang. compartmentalization). Zgodnie z oczekiwaniami więźniowie częściej zgłaszali występowanie przeżyć dysocjacyjnych niż osoby należące do populacji ogólnej, na obu wymiarach. Wnioski: Niniejsze badanie dostarcza kolejnych dowodów na zasadność stosowania włoskiej wersji skali DES-II w badaniach na populacji ogólnej oraz więziennej. Potwierdzono również poprzednie dane świadczące o dwuczynnikowej strukturze skali DES-II, co jest zgodne z założeniami teoretycznymi opisującymi dwa odrębne, choć nakładające się na siebie wymiary dysocjacji (tj. oddzielenie i szufladkowanie).
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
15
Issue
1
Pages
4–12
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Education Sciences, University of Genoa, Italy
  • Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
author
  • Department of Psychological, Humanistic and Territorial Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
  • Department of Psychological, Humanistic and Territorial Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
  • Department of Psychology, Miguel Torga Institute, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Department of Psychological, Humanistic and Territorial Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-0000574c-8aca-44cc-aaee-26f0b4f16c3d
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