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Number of results
2020 | 85 | 1 | 40-49

Article title

Body Image, Physical Activity and Sport Involvement: A Study on Gender Differences

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  • Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  • Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  • Nanyang Technological University, Singapore


  • Abbott, B.D., & Barber, B.L. (2011). Differences in functional and aesthetic body image between sedentary girls and girls involved in sports and physical activity: Does sport type make a difference? Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(3), 333-342.
  • Altabe, M. (1998). Ethnicity and body image: Quantitative and qualitative analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 23(2), 153-159.
  • Anton, S.D., Perri, M.G., & Riley III, J.R. (2000). Discrepancy between actual and ideal body images: Impact on eating and exercise behaviors. Eating Behaviors, 1(2), 153-160.
  • Baker, N., Ferszt, G., & Breines, J.G. (2019). A Qualitative Study Exploring Female College Students’ Instagram Use and Body Image. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22(4), 277-282.
  • Campbell, A., & Hausenblas, H.A. (2009). Effects of exercise interventions on body image: A meta-analysis. Journal of Health Psychology, 14(6), 780-793.
  • Carmona, J., Tornero-Quinones, I., & Sierra-Robles, Á. (2015). Body image avoidance behaviors in adolescence: A multilevel analysis of contextual effects associated with the physical education class. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16, 70-78.
  • Černelič-Bizjak, M., & Jenko-Pražnikar, Z. (2014). Impact of negative cognitions about body image on inflammatory status in relation to health. Psychology & Health, 29(3), 264-278.
  • Chew, S.S., & Leng, H.K. (2014). Marketing sports products on Facebook: the effect of social influence. Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research, 61(1), 65-73.
  • Cohane, G.H., & Pope Jr, H.G. (2001). Body image in boys: A review of the literature. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29(4), 373-379.
  • Craig, C.L., Marshall, A.L., Sjorstrom, M., Bauman, A.E., Booth, M.L., Ainsworth, B.E.,... Sallis, J.F. (2003). International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(8), 1381-1395.
  • Diedrichs, P.C., & Lee, C. (2011). Waif goodbye! Average-size female models promote positive body image and appeal to consumers. Psychology & Health, 26(10), 1273-1291.
  • Fisher, E., & Thompson, J. K. (1994). A comparative evaluation of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) versus exercise therapy (ET) for the treatment of body image disturbance: Preliminary findings. Behavior Modification, 18(2), 171-185.
  • Gardner, R.M., Stark, K., Jackson, N.A., & Friedman, B.N. (1999). Development and validation of two new scales for assessment of body-image. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 89(3), 981-993.
  • Gaspar, M.J.M., Amaral, T.F., Oliveira, B.M., & Borges, N. (2011). Protective effect of physical activity on dissatisfaction with body image in children–A cross-sectional study. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(5), 563-569.
  • Gonçalves, S.F., & Gomes, A.R. (2012). Exercising for weight and shape reasons vs. health control reasons: The impact on eating disturbance and psychological functioning. Eating Behaviors, 13(2), 127-130.
  • Graham, M.A., Eich, C., Kephart, B., & Peterson, D. (2000). Relationship among body image, sex, and popularity of high school students. Perceptual and motor skills, 90(3_suppl), 1187-1193.
  • Griffiths, S., Murray, S.B., Krug, I., & McLean, S.A. (2018). The contribution of social media to body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, and anabolic steroid use among sexual minority men. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 21(3), 149-156.
  • Grogan, S. (2006). Body image and health: contemporary perspectives. Journal of health psychology, 11(4), 523-530.
  • Gwinner, K., & Swanson, S.R. (2003). A model of fan identification: Antecedents and sponsorship outcomes. Journal of Services Marketing, 17(3), 275-294.
  • Hausenblas, H.A., & Downs, D.S. (2001). Comparison of body image between athletes and nonathletes: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 13(3), 323-339.
  • Hausenblas, H.A., & Fallon, E.A. (2006). Exercise and body image: A meta-analysis. Psychology & health, 21(1), 33-47.
  • Haworth-Hoeppner, S. (2000). The critical shapes of body image: The role of culture and family in the production of eating disorders. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(1), 212-227.
  • Homan, K.J., & Tylka, T.L. (2014). Appearance-based exercise motivation moderates the relationship between exercise frequency and positive body image. Body Image, 11(2), 101-108.
  • Hulley, A.J., & Hill, A.J. (2001). Eating disorders and health in elite women distance runners. International Journal Of Eating Disorders, 30(3), 312-317.
  • Ingledew, D.K., & Sullivan, G. (2002). Effects of body mass and body image on exercise motives in adolescence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3(4), 323-338.
  • Kantanista, A., Glapa, A., Banio, A., Firek, W., Ingarden, A., Malchrowicz-Mośko, E., ... Maćkowiak, Z. (2018). Body image of highly trained female athletes engaged in different types of sport. BioMed Research International, 2018.
  • Leng, H.K., Kuo, T.Y., Baysa-Pee, G., & Tay, J. (2014). Make me proud! Singapore 2010 Youth Olympic Games and its effect on national pride of young Singaporeans. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 49(6), 745-760.
  • Lewallen, J., & Behm-Morawitz, E. (2016). Pinterest or thinterest?: Social comparison and body image on social media. Social Media+ Society, 2(1), 2056305116640559.
  • MacKinnon, D.P., Goldberg, L., Cheong, J., Elliot, D., Clarke, G., & Moe, E. (2003). Male body esteem and physical measurements: Do leaner, or stronger, high school football players have a more positive body image? Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25(3), 307-322.
  • Meng, J., Bissell, K.L., & Pan, P.-L. (2015). YouTube Video as Health Literacy Tool: A Test of Body Image Campaign Effectiveness. Health Marketing Quarterly, 32(4), 350-366.
  • Nerini, A. (2015). Media influence and body dissatisfaction in preadolescent ballet dancers and non-physically active girls. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 20, 76-83.
  • Nustad, J., Adams, T., & Moore, M. (2008). Health information sources accessed by college females: Differences between body-image distorted and non-body-image distorted. Health Marketing Quarterly, 25(3), 241-253.
  • Perelman, H., Buscemi, J., Dougherty, E., & Haedt-Matt, A. (2018). Body Dissatisfaction in Collegiate Athletes: Differences Between Sex, Sport Type, and Division Level. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 12(4), 718-731.
  • Pila, E., Barlow, M.A., Wrosch, C., & Sabiston, C.M. (2016). Comparing the body to superior others: Associations with daily exercise and body evaluation in men and women. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 27, 120-127.
  • Posavac, H.D., Posavac, S.S., & Weigel, R.G. (2001). Reducing the impact of media images on women at risk for body image disturbance: Three targeted interventions. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 20(3), 324-340.
  • Prichard, I., & Tiggemann, M. (2008). Relations among exercise type, self-objectification, and body image in the fitness centre environment: The role of reasons for exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9(6), 855-866.
  • Raedeke, T.D. (2007). The relationship between enjoyment and affective responses to exercise. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19(1), 105-115.
  • SantaBarbara, N.J., Whitworth, J.W., & Ciccolo, J.T. (2017). A systematic review of the effects of resistance training on body image. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(10), 2880-2888.
  • Smith, D., Wright, C., Ross, N., & Warmington, S. (2006). Sports Advertising and Body Image Body Image: New Research (pp. 65-73): Nova Science Publisher.
  • Strelan, P., Mehaffey, S.J., & Tiggemann, M. (2003). Brief report: Self-objectification and esteem in young women: The mediating role of reasons for exercise. Sex Roles, 48(1-2), 89-95.
  • Stunkard, A. (2000). Old and new scales for the assessment of body image. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 90(3), 930-930.
  • Swami, V., Steadman, L., & Tovée, M.J. (2009). A comparison of body size ideals, body dissatisfaction, and media influence between female track athletes, martial artists, and non-athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10(6), 609-614.
  • Thompson, J.K., Heinberg, L.J., Altabe, M., & Tantleff-Dunn, S. (1999). Exacting beauty: Theory, assessment, and treatment of body image disturbance: American Psychological Association.
  • Thompson, J.K., & Stice, E. (2001). Thin-ideal internalization: Mounting evidence for a new risk factor for body-image disturbance and eating pathology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10(5), 181-183.
  • Vocks, S., Hechler, T., Rohrig, S., & Legenbauer, T. (2009). Effects of a physical exercise session on state body image: The influence of pre-experimental body dissatisfaction and concerns about weight and shape. Psychology & Health, 24(6), 713-728.
  • Wardle, J., Bindra, R., Fairclough, B., & Westcombe, A. (1993). Culture and body image: Body perception and weight concern in young Asian and Caucasian British women. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 3(3), 173-181.
  • You, S., & Shin, K. (2016). Body dissatisfaction and mental health outcomes among Korean college students. Psychological reports, 118(3), 714-724.

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