The article discusses problems related to intensification of anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. The authors have analysed the principal indicators of a methane digestion process, focusing mainly on biogas production. The most commonly used methods of sludge disintegration were reviewed. Additionally, the methods of algae biomass processing for biofuels and a methanogenic potential of the biomass were presented. The article presents the literature review to identify the possibilities of energy profit caused by using algae in anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge.