Equivalent circuits used in the diagnostics of insulation in power transformers
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An equivalent circuit of the insulation system in power transformers comes in many forms. In tests for the dielectric loss tangent (tgδ) of the main insulation, the equivalent circuit has been simplified to two-terminal RC series connected or parallel connected circuits. For direct current tests of groundwall insulation modelling, two two-terminals circuits are required – one for charging and shorting, the other for the voltage recovering after shorting. The model turn-to-turn insulation may also be presented by two-terminal circuits. The parameters of the two-terminal circuit can be determined by direct current. The tested winding is energized by DC voltage, the current is interrupted and the voltage waveform on the terminals of the winding is recorded. The parameters of turn-to-turn insulation (equivalent circuit parameters) are calculated from the voltage waveform and they can be used for diagnostic purposes.
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