Twenty-first century housing architecture. Development
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This paper concerns directions for the development of housing architecture and housing environment in the city of the future. The author bases the presented development forecasts upon an analysis of tendencies in the formation of housing architecture and housing environment within the first thirteen years of the twenty-first century in Europe taking the aspect of time, threats and Earth protection into consideration. The presented residential complexes located at the centre of Lyon (La Confluence) and in Graz (Messequartier) reveal a new approach to the issues of shaping places of residence, recreation and work in the man-surroundings and architecture-nature relations. The author poses a thesis that the future of housing architecture and housing environment will depend on the pace and degree of the economic development of the societies of the future as well as the political will of the world’s leading nations. The housing architecture of the future will be intelligent, sustainable, harmonized with the surroundings and nature. It will allow for social, economic, energy-saving and ecological objectives. There will be further development of new forms of residence with unknown composition and aesthetics in the intelligent and sustainable urban structures of the smart city of the future.
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