This article discusses the values and valuation of various types of gardens, both from the historical and contemporary perspective. The importance and status of a historic garden or park have been analyzed on many levels, including aesthetic, environmental, cultural and historical; they have also been viewed as a city-forming factor. The article is devoted to the assessment of gardens as significant components of cultural heritage and identity. The importance of a residential garden in a changing urbanised space is analyzed on the basis of Lobzow near Krakow. This assessment, which focuses on the status of gardens, was carried out by referring to universal canons and standards, such as beauty, living standard, and quality of landscapes. Furthermore, gardens are also described as important elements of the cultural landscape, which generate not only social, but also economic consequences. The role of the public park in the green area system has been analyzed on the basis of an innovative activity conducted by Olmsted.