The role of czech mathematicians in the Balkans (1850‒1900)
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From 1860s, the number of mathematicians, teachers and authors of monographs, textbooks and papers in Bohemia increased noticeably. This was due to the improvement of education and the emergence of societies. During 1870s and 1880s many candidates for teaching mathematics and physics were without regular position and income. Some of them went abroad (especially to the Balkans) where they obtained better posts and started to play important roles in the development of “national” mathematics and mathematical education. The article describes this remarkable phenomenon from the history of the Czech mathematical community and analyzes its influence on other national communities.
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