The paper is an attempt of applying the urban history criteria for the deliberations on the future of cities. On the basis of historic and contemporary urban design the hypotheses and reflections on the future directions of cities’ development are discussed. They are presented in six basic groups referring to six factors of the creation and evolution of cities in the past, which were determined by Tadeusz Tołwiński. In the future the factors are likely to maintain their importance, although with certain change of their image and contents. The principle of a number of urban factors sharing their influence to induce city’s balanced development will remain unaltered, too. The harmony of functional and spatial transformations is desirable in urban evolution and the harmonious evolution of theoretical basis of urban design features positive impact on the future of cities likewise.