Taxonomic Revision and Neotypification of Zosterodasys transversus (Kahl, 1928), with Description of a Mirror-Image Doublet (Ciliophora, Phyllopharyngea, Synhymeniida)
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The present work describes the morphology and morphometry of a freshwater ciliate, Zosterodasys transversus, using live observation and protargol impregnation. The population from the River Ipeľ, Slovakia is designated as a neotype because (i) no type material is available from the species described by Kahl (1928); (ii) the neotype is consistent with Z. transversus as described by Kahl (1928); (iii) the neotype is from the same biogeographic region as Kahl’s (1928) populations; and (iv) there are several similar species (e.g., Z. agamalievi) whose identity is threatened by the species to be neotypified. The main features of Z. transversus are: (i) a body size of 120–240 × 50–115 μm in vivo; (ii) a broadly to narrowly obovate or elliptical body; (iii) a spherical to very narrowly ellipsoidal macronucleus with a single globular micronucleus nearby; (iv) several scattered contractile vacuoles; (v) an average of 82 ciliary rows, most of which are interrupted by a synhymenium incompletely encircling the body; and (vi) an average of 14 nematodesmal rods strengthening walls of the cyrtos. In the well-growing neotype population, a single cell of a mirror-image type was found. Most of the structures of this monster specimen are similar to those from ordinary cells, except for the double cytostome and cyrtos.
28 - 08 - 2015
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