Description of Two New Species of Phleobum Haldar and Chakraborty, 1974 along with a Major Taxonomic Revision of the Genus
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Two new species of Phleobum (Apicomplexa: Eugregarinida: Hirmocystidae) are described from adult grasshoppers in Kalyani, India. Phleobum globuloepimeritum n. sp. is described from Oxya hyla hyla (Insecta: Orthoptera: Acrididae) and Phleobum elliptica n. sp. from Atractomorpha crenulata (Insecta: Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae). In P. globuloepimeritum, the trophozoites are solitary, orangecoloured, have a maximum length of 352 μm with a hyaline globular epimerite and the protomerite in satellite is characteristically flanged. The gametocyst is orange, orbicular, averaging 300 × 250 μm in size, dehiscing through a pore after 50 h. The oocysts are uniformly smooth, ellipsoidal, measuring 9 × 5 μm. In P. elliptica trophozoites are also solitary, orange-coloured, having a maximum length of 157 μm with triangular epimerites. The protomerite flange is typically a bowel-shaped collar. The gametocyst is yellow-orange, ellipsoidal, averaging 240 × 165 μm and dehisces through a pore after 72 h, releasing smooth-walled, ellipsoidal, uniformly shaped oocysts measuring 5 × 3 μm. The two new species share traits, which define the genus such as: gamonts in association, satellites with characteristic flange and gametocysts dehiscence through a single pore. The epimerite of P. globuloepimeritum is hyaline and globular, which is unique among members of the genus. The gametocyst of P. elliptica is notably ellipsoidal. Basing on observation on all the described and present two species, generic characters of the genus Phleobum have been redefined. The genus is also transferred from the family Didymophyidae to the family Hirmocystidae as the gametocysts in all the species of Phleobum dehisce through a pore.
26 - 08 - 2015
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