Deposition of metals in glacial lake sediment
Languages of publication
The aim of this research was to find the relationship between metals content and age of the sediment and to estimate the contamination level. For the research of sediment, samples were taken from the glacial Lake Prokosko. Concentrations of eight elements (Ca, Mg, Fe, Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu and Mn) were determined. The age was determined with usage of C14. For statistical evaluation of the results, we used basic statistical tools, correlation, and PCA. The results showed that all of investigated metals have natural origin. Sediment core from this research was around 18,000 years old and the results revealed characteristics of metals deposition in the process of sedimentation. Concentrations of metals were compared with age (depth) of sediment. Maximal concentrations for iron, calcium, magnesium and manganese are found in the period of Allerӧd oscilation. Differences in Mn/Fe ratio and organic matter content are showing changes through history. These results show metal deposition characteristics in different climate periods, and these characteristics could be used as another proof of climate change.
19 - 09 - 2018
-  Alhonen, P., 1986. Chemostratigraphy of the holocene sediments of Lake Tyӧtjӓvi in southern Finland and its limnological signifiance. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 55: 97–107.
-  Bałaga, K., Szeroczyńska, K., Taras, H., Magierski, J., 2002. Natural and anthropogenic conditioning of the development of Lake Perespilno (Lublin Polesie) in Holocene. Limnological Review, 2: 15–27.
-  Bauer, A. Velde, B.D., 2014. Geochemistry at the Earth’s Surface, Springer, Heidelberg.
-  Becker, A., Klöck, W., Friese, K., Shreck, P., Spettel, B., Treutler, H.C., Duff, C.M., 2001. Lake Suber See as a natural sink for heavy metals from copper mining. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 74: 205–217.
-  Broekaert, J.A.C., 2002. Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas, WileyVCH, Hamburg.
-  Cohen, A.S., 2003. Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
-  Čičić, S., 2002. Geological map of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1: 300,000, Sarajevo.
-  Davis, A.M., Holland, H.D, Turekian, K.K., 2001. Treatise on Geochemistry, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
-  Dӧrfler, W., 2013. Prokosko Lake – an environmental record from a subalpine lake in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Universitӓts forschungen zur Prӓhistorichen Archӓologie, 228: 311–340.
-  EPA 3051. (1994). Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Sediments, Sludges, Soils and Oils.
-  Engstrom, D.R., Wright, H.E., 1984. Chemical stratigraphy of lake sediments as a record of environmental change. In: E.Y. Haworth, J.W.G. Lund (eds.), Lake Sediments and Environmental History, Leicester University Press, Leicester, pp. 11–68.
-  Harvey, D., 2000. Modern Analytical Chemistry, McGraw-Hill Higher Education, New York.
-  Lacort, G., Camarero, L., 2004. Characterization of Lake Sediments-Extraction Method of Elements Soluble in Aqua Regia, University of Barcelona, Barcelona.
-  Naeher, S.,Gili, A., North, R.P., Hamman, Y., Schubert, C.J., 2013. Tracing bottom water oxygenation with sedimentary Mn/Fe ratios in Lake Zurich, Schwitzerland. Chemical Geology, 352: 125–133.
-  Pansu, M., Gautheyrou, J., 2006. Handbook of Soil Analysis, Springer, Heidelberg.
-  Perkins, J.A., Sims, J.D., 1983. Correlation of Alaskan varve thickness with climatic parameters, and use in paleoclimatic reconstruction. Quaternary Research, 20: 308–321.
-  Spahić, M., 2001. Natural lakes of Bosnia and Herzegovina – limnological monograph (in Croatian), Harfo Graf, Tuzla.
-  Tessier, A., Turner, R.D., 1995. Metal Speciation and Bioavailability in Aquatic Systems, John Wiley & Sons, London.
-  Yusoff, A.H., Zulkifl, S.Z., Ismail, A., Rahim Nohamed, C.A., 2015. Vertical trend of trace metals deposition in sediment core of Tanjug Pelepas Harbour, Malaysia. Procedia of Environmental Sciences, 30: 211–216.
-  Zhang, J., Liu, C.L., 2002. Riverine composition and estuarine geochemistry of particulate metals in China – weathering features, antrophogenic impact and chemical flxes. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 54: 1051–1070.
Publication order reference