Impact of inoculant and foliar fertilization on root system parameters of pea (Pisum sativum l.)
Languages of publication
In recent years, sustainable crop development has played a key role in current strategies to improve roots activity, which increase nutrients uptake in pulse crop. Our study presents the relationship between root system morphology, inoculant application with and without foliar fertilization and nitrogen accumulation in soil and plants. Two inoculants: Nitragina and IUNG, foliar fertilizer (Photrel), as well as two pea cultivars were studied in three years (2009–2011) period. The research has shown that bacterial inoculants have signifiant inflence on the selected parameters of pea root systems. Gel inoculant signifiantly increased mean root diameter (0.44 mm), compared to control (0.33 mm), whereas combination of Nitragina inoculant with micronutrient fertilization signifiantly increased root length density (1.05 cm·cm-3), compared to control (0.85 cm·cm-3). Additionally, the bacterial inoculant IUNG has signifiantly decreased the root length density in roots classes between 0.2–0.5 mm in the most humid year. The impact of inoculants on roots parameters was strongly related to weather conditions. In a dry year, a signifiant decrease of mean root diameter, specifi root length and increase of root dry mass were observed. Nitrogen accumulation in seeds signifiantly increased after gel inoculant application. A higher N content was proven in the fodder cultivar, but the edible cultivar was observed to accumulate more N in the seeds, which caused a Nitrogen Harvest index for this plant (80.0%).
19 - 02 - 2018
-  Ahemad, M., Kibret, M., 2014. Mechanisms and applications of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Current perspective. Journal of King Saud University-Science, 26: 1-20.
-  Ardakani, M.R.G., Pietsch, G., Wanek, W., Schweiger P., Moghaddam A., Freidel, J.K., 2009. Nitrogen fiation and yield of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.), as affected by co-inoculation with Sinorhizobium meliloti and arbuscular mycorrhiza under dry organic farming conditions. American-Euroasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, 6(2): 173–183.
-  Atkinson, D., 2000. Root characteristics: why and what to measure. In: A.L. Smit, A.G. Bengough, C. Engels, M. Van Noordwijk, S. Pellerin, S.C. Van De Geijn (eds.), Root Methods: A handbook. Springer, Berlin– Heidelberg–New York, pp. 2–32.
-  Bai, B., Suri, V.K., Kumar, A., Choudhary, A.K., 2015. Influence of glomus-rhizobium symbiosis on productivity, root morphology and soil fertility in garden pea in Himalayan Acid Alfisol. Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 47: 787–798.
-  Barea, J.M., 2015. Future challenges and perspectives for applying microbial biotechnology in sustainable agriculture based on a better understanding of plant-microbiome interactions. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 15: 261–282.
-  Carranca, C., Torrens, M.O., Madeira, M., 2015. Underestimated role of legume roots for soil N fertility. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35: 1095-1102.
-  Desbrosses, G.J., Stougaard, J., 2011. Root nodulation: a paradigm for how plant-microbe symbiosis influences host developmental pathways. Cell Host Microbe, 10(4): 348-358.
-  Fageria, N.K., Moreira, A., 2011. The role of mineral nutrition on root growth of crop plants. In Donald L. Sparkers, Ed: Advances in Agronomy, 110: 251-331.
-  Guleria, V., Sharma, S., Kumar, V., Bisht S., 2014. Species specific rhizobium inoculation on seedling growth of Albizia lebbeck and Acacia catechu under water stress conditions. Science international, 2(2): 51-56.
-  Gupta, G., Parihar, S.S., Ahirwar, N.K., Snehi, S.K., Singh, V., 2015. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGRP); Current and future prospects for development of sustainable agriculture. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology, 7: 96-102.
-  Hassan, W., Hussain, M., Bashir, S., Shah, A.N., Bano, R., David, J., 2015. ACC-deaminase and/or nitrogen fixing rhizobacteria and growth of wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.). Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 15, 232-248.
-  Hassen, A.I., Bopape, F.L., Trytsman, M., 2014. Nodulation study and characterization of rhizobial microsymbionts of forage and pasture legumes in South Africa. World Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(3), 93-100.
-  Hayat R., Ali S., Amaru U., Khalid R., Ahmed I., 2010. Soil beneficial bacteria and their role in plant growth promotion: a review. Annals of Microbiolology, 60: 579-598.
-  Klimek-Kopyra, A., Kulig, B., Głąb, T., Zając, T., Skowera, B., Kopcińska, B., 2015. Effect of plant intercropping and soil type on specific root length. Romanian Agricultural Research, 32: 1-10.
-  Martyniuk, S., Oroń, J., Martyniuk, M., 2005. Diversity and numbers of root-nodule bacteria (rhizobia) in Polish soils. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 74: 83-86.
-  Mitova, I., Stancheva, I., 2013. Effect of fertilizer source on the nutrients biological uptake with garden beans production. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19: 946-950.
-  Nie, M., Bell, C., Wallenstein, M.D., Pendall, E., 2015. Increased plant productivity and decreased microbial respiratory C loss by plant growth- promoting rhizobacteria under elevated CO2. Scientific Reports, 5: 1-6.
-  Neugschwandtner, R., Kaul, H.-P. 2015. Nitrogen uptake, use and utilization effiiency by oat-pea intercrop. Field Crops Research, 179: 113–119.
-  Podleśny, J., Wielbo, J., Podleśna, A., Kidaj, D., 2014. The pleiotropic effects of extract containing rhizobial Nod factors on pea growth and yield. Central European Journal of Biology, 9(4): 396-409.
-  Przemeck, E., Schrader, B., 1981. The effect of manganese nutrition on nitrogen assimilation in roots. Plant and Soil, 63: 5–9.
-  Rao, I., Miles, J.W., Beebe, S.E., Horst, W.J., 2016. Root adaptations to soil with low fertility and aluminium toxicity. Annals of Botany,1: 1-13.
-  Tena, W., Wolde-Meskel, E., Walley, F., 2016. Symbiotic efficiency of native and exotic rhizobium strains nodulating lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) in soils of southern Ethiopia. Agronomy, 6 (1): 1-11.
-  Uyanöz, R., Karaca, Ü., 2011. Effects of different salt concentrations and Rhizobium inoculation (native and Rhizobium tropici CIAT899) on growth of dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). European Journal of Soil Biology, 47: 387-391.
-  World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, update 2015 International soil classifiation system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. FAO, Rome, P. Schad, C. van Huyssteen, E. Michéli (eds.), ISBN: E-ISBN 978-92-
-  Vacheron, J., Desbrosses, G., Bouffaud, M-L., Touraine, B., Moënne- Loccoz, Y., Muller, D., Legendre, L., Wisniewski-Dyé, F., Prigent-Combaret, C., 2013. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria and root system functioning. Frontier in Plant Science, 356: 1-19.
-  Vincent, J.M. (Ed), 1970. A manual for the practical study of root-nodule bacteria. IBM Handbook, Vol. 15, Blackwell Scientific publications, Oxford.
-  Yadav, J. Verma, J.P.; Rajak, V.K.; Tiwari, K.N., 2011. Selection of Effective Indigenous Rhizobium Strain for Seed Inoculation of Chickpea (Ciceraritenium L.) Production. Bacteriology Journal, 1: 24-30.
-  Zając, T., Klimek-Kopyra, A., Oleksy, A., 2013. Effect of Rhizobium inoculation of seeds and foliar fertilization on productivity of Pisum sativum L. Acta Agrobot., 66: 71–78.
-  Zhang, L., Garneau, M.G., Majumdar, R., Grant, J., Tegeder, M., 2015. Improvement of pea biomass and seed productivity by simultaneous increase of phloem and embryo loading with amino acids. The Plant Journal, 81: 124-146.
Publication order reference