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2013 | 68 | 2 |
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Vertical distribution of phytoplankton in two mesotrophic lakes

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In lakes Rogóźno and Zagłębocze located in the Łęczna-Włodawa Plain (E Poland), monthly and daily changes in the vertical distribution of phytoplankton biomass were investigated. In both lakes, phytoplankton biomass in metalimnion were two or three times higher than in epilimnion. In Rogóźno Lake, Planktothrix rubescens dominated in phytoplankton (> 80% of biomass), whereas in Zagłębocze Lake − Ceratium hirundinella prevailed (> 90% of biomass). The biomass maxima of Pl. rubescens (at 6 m depth – 43.5 mg dm-3 and at 7 m depth - 24.4 mg dm-3) were always below the lower limit of the euphotic zone, i.e. at the depth where the light was < 1%, and the water temperature was < 10 °C. Large biomass of C. hirundinella was observed always in metalimnion (up to 43.6 mg dm-3 in July) at the lower limit of the euphotic zone (transparency of Sd = 3.0 m). In August, when transparency of Sd = 2.5 m, biomass of C. hirundinella varied significantly during the day in the two thermal layers. In epilimnion, the largest increase of biomass was observed in daylight hours and the decrease at night. The reverse situation was observed in metalimnion − the decline in the daytime and the increase at night. The studies revealed that despite different mechanisms of motility (buoyancy or flagellar movement), vertical migrations of these species corresponded mainly to the changing light.
jeziorach Rogóźno i Zagłębocze położonych na Równinie Łęczyńsko-Włodawskiej (wsch. Polska) badano zmiany biomasy fitoplanktonu w pionowym rozmieszczeniu w skali miesięcznej i dobowej. W obu jeziorach biomasa fitoplanktonu w metalimnionie była dwa lub trzy razy wyższa niż w epilimnionie. W jeziorze Rogóźno w fitoplanktonie dominowała Planktothrix rubescens(> 80% biomasy), natomiast w jeziorze Zagłębocze – Ceratium hirundinella (> 90% biomasy). Maksima biomasy Pl. rubescens (na 6 m – 43,5 mg dm-3 i na 7 m – 24,4 mg dm-3) zawsze występowały poniżej dolnej granicy strefy eufotycznej, czyli na głębokości, gdzie światło było <1%, a temperatura wody wynosiła <10 ° C. Duża biomasa C. hirundinella występowała zawsze w metalimnionie (aż do 43.6 mg dm-3 w lipcu) przy dolnej granicy strefy eufotycznej (widziałność Sd = 3,0 m). W sierpniu, gdy widzialność krążka Sd = 2,5 m, biomasa C. hirundinella różniła się znacząco w ciągu doby w dwóch warstwach termicznych. W epilimnionie największy przyrost biomasy odnotowano w ciągu dnia, a spadek w nocy. Odwrotna sytuacja miała miejsce w metalimnionie – spadek w ciągu dnia i wzrost w nocy. Badania wykazały, że pomimo różnych mechanizmów ruchliwości (pławność lub aparat wiciowy), pionowe migracje tych gatunków związane były głównie ze zmieniającymi się warunkami świetlnymi.
Physical description
18 - 07 - 2015
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