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Pasifika Festival w Auckland i Festiwal Łódź Czterech Kultur jako czynniki zachowania i promowania wielokulturowego dziedzictwa w miastach

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EN
The main aim of the article is to present the role of Auckland’s Pasifika Festival and the Lodz of Four Cultures Festival  in preserving and promoting multicultural heritage in big cities. There are several differences and many similarities between the festival held in Auckland, the biggest city of New Zealand, and the event organized in Lodz, the third largest city in Poland. These two events function in different communities and cultures, thus having  different structures. On other hand, they are both based on the  concepts of multiethnicity and multiculturalism, used to develop and preserve the multicultural heritage of the cities. Despite the different locations and backgrounds, both festivals promote similar ideas and produce comparable results. 
PL
Głównym celem artykułu jest przedstawienie roli dwóch festiwali multikulturowych, Pasifika Festival organizowanego w Auckland w Nowej Zelandii oraz Festiwalu Łódź Czterech Kultur, dla zachowania i promowania wielokulturowego dziedzictwa w dużych miastach. Z jednej strony, te dwa wybrane do porównania wydarzenia funkcjonują w różnych obszarach i kulturach. Z drugiej strony, istnieje między nimi wiele podobieństw. Oba festiwale opierają się na dziedzictwie kulturowym związanym z wielonarodowymi i wielokulturowymi społecznościami zamieszkującymi dziś Auckland, a przed II wojną światową także Łódź. Pomimo różnych lokalizacji i historycznego tła oba festiwale pełnią zbliżone funkcje. Dzięki istnieniu obu imprez promowana jest tolerancja i międzykulturowy dialog. Widzowie festiwali mogą zapoznać się z dziedzictwem kulturowym mniejszości etnicznych zamieszkujących oba miasta. Dzięki imprezom zwalczane są też negatywne stereotypy narodowościowe i rasowe oraz rozwija się międzynarodowa współpraca. Mniejszości etniczne są aktywnie zaangażowane w organizacje opisanych festiwali. Należy podkreślić, że zarówno festiwal w Auckland, jak i impreza organizowana w Łodzi stanowią też doskonałą okazję do kultywowania i zachowania dziedzictwa kulturowego bazującego na wielokulturowości. Pełnią one także funkcje walorów turystycznych i przyczyniają się do rozwoju miejskiej turystyki festiwalowej.
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17951_b_2016_71_2_61
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