Methane steam reforming at low temperature over Ni-MgO-Al2O3 catalysts: activity and resistance to coking
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The role of MgO as a factor improving the resistance to coking of the alumina supported nickel catalysts in the steam reforming of hydrocarbons is discussed. A series of catalysts containing variable amounts of MgO, NiO and a constant amount of Al2O3 was prepared by the co-precipitation method. It was found that the specific activity of the catalysts exhibits a broad but not deep minimum for the MgO contents from 8.5 to 27.3 wt.%. At the same time these catalysts reveal a high resistance to coking either in the reaction with methane or with n-butane. The most promising composition, in terms of the activity and simultaneous resistance to the coke formation, was found to be 27.3 wt.% of MgO and 39.0 wt.% of NiO. The analysis of various factors controlling the activity and resistance to coking leads to the conclusion that MgO reduces the catalysts acidity what, in consequence, reduces the rate of coke formation during the reforming reactions. Furthermore, The resistance to coking correlates well with the mean size of nickel crystallites, the same is observed for the specific catalyst activity.
- prof. dr hab. inż. Zbigniew Karpiński
- Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
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