PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2004 | 6 |
Article title

Środowisko geograficzne Łodzi jako tło osadnictwa pradziejowego

Content
Title variants
PL
Natural environment of Łódź as a background of prehistoric settlement
Languages of publication
Abstracts
EN
Geokomplexes - units of a landscape structure were used as areas of reference for analysis
of spatial arrangement of prehistoric archeological sites in Łódź and in its neighborhood.
Geocomplex types were grouped into four classes: A - lithogenic geocomplexes associated with
permeable deposits, B - lithogenic geocomplexes associated with low-permeable deposits,
C - semihydrogenic geocomplexes developing under seasonal anaerobic conditions; D - hydrogenic
geocomplexes developing under long lasting or permanent anaerobic conditions. The
delimitation of the geocomplexes was based on a relative homogeneity of lithology and on the
relief regarded as stabile physical features. The geocomplex classes were distinguished by water
conditions.
The location of 281 archeological sites from te Stone age to the late Iron Age clearly
shows a concentration of archeological findings in a south-western part of Łódź. The largest
number of the sites was found in valleys of the rivers Ner, Dobrzynka, Jasień, Olechówka
and in the vicinity of the valleys. Archeological findigs were also encountered in the river
valleys of the Bzura, Sok ołówka, and other streams of north-western part of the city.
Similar location of archeological objects had been earlier recognised in the valleys of the
Warta (Kamińska 1970, Bezkowska 1992), Bzura (Papińska 2001a, b, Rosin
1995, 2001), Moszczenica (K a m i ń s k i 1993) and Grabia (P e li s i a k 1991). It can be
assumed that in all studied periods an access to water (to a river) was crucial for attracting
settlers. The role of surficial water and of shallow groundwater for the settlement in the
Łęczyca region was described by T. Krzemiński and Z. Maksymiuk (1966), and T.
Krzemiński (1987).
The analyses of the location of the prehistoric archaeological sites within geocomplex
classes show that 59% of the sites under consideration were found in lithogenic geocomplexes
associated with permeable deposits (A); 13,5% - in lithogenic geocomplexes associated with
low-permeable deposits (B). Only 1,4% of the sites occurred in semihydrogenic geocomplexes
(C), and 21,5% - in hydrogenic geocomplexes. The remaining 3,6% was located on the
boundary of two geocomplex classes.
Multicultural archaeological sites predominate, which indicates continuous settlement in
the area. It can be assumed that natural features in a particular place were attractive for
settlers from many cultures and times.
PL
Opracowanie prezentuje charakterystykę środowiska geograficznego Łodzi i okolic waspekcie
tła dla rozwoju ekumeny w pradziejach. Położenie stanowisk archeologicznych od epoki
kamienia do późnej epoki żelaza zaprezentowano na tle geokompleksów częściowych, zgrupowanych
w cztery klasy. Kryteriami delimitacji geokompleksów były utwory powierzchniowe
i rzeźba terenu, które są powszechnie uwaźane za komponenty stabilne. Podstawą wyróźniania
klas geokompleksów były warunki wodne w nich panujące. zaprezentowano prawidłowości
w rozmieszczeniu stanowisk archeologicznych w poszczególnych typach geokompleksów, a takźe
w nawiązaniu do typu gospodarki charakterystycznej dla danej kultury archeologicznej.
Year
Volume
6
Physical description
Dates
published
2004
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/11089/2908
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.hdl_11089_2908
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.