Molecular basics of plant response to low temperature
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Low temperature, drought and high salinity are common stress conditions that lead to similar plant cell responses. Although, in this paper, we focus on cold stress, it has to be underlined that most of the response mechanisms triggered by cold are not restricted only to this abiotic factor. We describe molecular level of plant acclimation to low temperature, including up- and down regulated genes as well as signal transduction pathway. The gene mutations that affect the ability of a plant to acclimate, as well as the methods allowing to identify genes involved in response to cold stress, are presented in this review.
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Beata Kmiec, Instytut Biochemii i Biologii Molekularnej, Uniwersytet Wroclawski, ul. Przybyszewskiego 63/77, 51-148 Wroclaw, Poland