Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for construction of efficient bioethanol producers from lignocellulose
Languages of publication
In the review, the current state of the art, problems and perspectives in the development of the economically feasible production of fuel ethanol from a plant biomass (lignocellulose) are presented. The metabolic engineering of microorganisms directed to design the strains with the improved ability to alcoholic fermentation (expansion of a spectrum of fermenting substrates, increase in the fermentation rate and the yield of ethanol, tolerance to ethanol and the inhibitors present in lignocellulose hydrolyzates, thermotolerance, ability to simultaneous enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicelluloses together with alcoholic fermentations of hexoses and penthoses) are considered. The information about the new pilot plants on fuel ethanol production from lignocellulose, which were recently started up in Canada and Sweden is presented. Justification of carrying out the corresponding studies in Poland is discussed.
Publication order reference
Wlodzimierz Sybirny, Wydzial Biologiczno-Rolniczy, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, ul. Cwiklinskiej 2a, 35-601 Rzeszow, Poland