The analysis of the distribution of repetitive DNA of the B chromosomes of Podisma sapporensis in the A and B chromosomes of the natural populations and in A chromosomes of three other species of the Podismini grasshoppers were made. DNA-libraries of the B chromosome and the euchromatic segment of the A chromosome of P. sapporensis were generated by meiotic chromosome microdissection followed by degenerated oligonucleotide primed polymerase chain reaction (DOP-PCR). Paints based on these DNA-libraries were used for FISH analysis to detect localization of homologous sequences in A and B chromosomes of P. sapporensis from different natural populations. On the basis of the FISH analysis the authors suggest that evolution of the B chromosomes in Podisma sapporensis was associated mainly with the insertions of ?alien DNA sequences? into ancestral A chromosome and their further amplification. The number of initial sites of amplifications differed in the different Bs, the distance between these sites also varying. Karyotype evolution in P. sapporensis was associated partly with the insertion of ?alien DNA sequences? into pericentromeric chromosomal regions. Insertion into the small short arms of the acrocentric chromosomes followed, with the DNA amplification leading to the formation of the additional C-heterochromatic arms or euchromatic-like regions of different size.