The conditionings and consequences of cardiac alternations in patients with end-stage renel disease on maintenance hemodialysis
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The arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, fluid overload, electrolytic disorders, the presence of arteriovenous fistula and secundary hyperparathyroidism are the most essential causative factors in cardiac pathology of uremic patients. Apart from that, hemodialysis itself is not an indifferent factor. The cardiac consequences consist in prevalence of hypertrophy or dilatation of the heart including valvular annuli or sheer myocardial calcifications and even the aquired heart diseases. Their coexistence with ischaemic heart disease, systolic and especially diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle may jeopardise life.
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