Presence of histamine and mast cells in chicken oviduct
Languages of publication
The purpose of the present study was: (1) to demonstrate immunocytochemically the localization of histamine in the wall of four chicken oviductal parts, i. e. infundibulum, magnum, isthmus, and shell gland, (2) to identify the presence of mast cells in chicken oviduct, and (3) to determine histamine concentration in oviductal tissue by the spectrofluorometric method. Experiments were carried out on Isa Brown laying hens decapitated just after oviposition. The specific immuno-reactivity for histamine and the presence of mast cells were found in the wall of all the examined oviductal parts. The immuno-reactive histamine was localized in epithelium, tubular glands, connective tissue layer, circular and longitudinal muscles, and endothelium and muscles of blood vessels. The intensity of immuno-positive reaction was as follows: infundibulum > shell gland > magnum = isthmus and correlated with quantitatively determined histamine level and tissue density of mast cells. It is suggested that mast cells are the main source of histamine in the chicken oviduct.
Publication order reference
A. Hrabia, Department of Animal Physiology, University of Agriculture, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland