The possibility of induction of somatic embryogenesis in Polish and Chinese soybean cultivars was studied. Cotyledons from immature embryos as explants were used. Somatic embryos were obtained on MS medium with 40 mg l-1 of 2,4-D after 3-4 weeks of culture. Embryos appeared on 45,5% of Polan explants and the highest average number of somatic embryos per explant ? 29,2 was produced by cultivar Polan, too. The best development of somatic embryos was obserced on the MS medium with 0,5 mg l-1 KT and 0,5 mg l-1 BA and next on the hormone free medium with 60,0 g l-1 of sucrose and 0,5% activated charcoal.