Meiotic karyotypes in males of 16 species (assigned to 9 genera and 7 subfamilies) of the family Psyllidae and 3 species (assigned to 3 genera of the subfamily Triozinae) of the family Triozidae are described for the first time. The first data on the genus Ligustrinia are presented. All the species were shown to exhibit the modal karyotype for psyllids, 2n = 24 + X, except Bactericera nigricornis and Arytainilla spartiophila, in which 2n = 24 + XY and 2n = 22 + X were found, respectively. The karyotype of Ctenarytaina eucalypti (Psyllidae, Spondyliaspidinae) was reinvestigated, and the karyotype 2n = 10 + X, characteristic of Spondyliaspidinae, was revealed. The karyotypes of Strophingia fallax, S. arborea, and Craspedolepta topicalis were studied using the C-banding technique.