An assessment was made of the genetic variation of the Pulawska pig through the determination of polymorphism of 6 genes and 14 microsatellite sequences. The examinations covered 52 gilts included in a preservation breeding project. The identification of the alleles at microsatellite loci was performed in an ABI PRISM 310 GENETIC ANALYZER. Gene polymorphism was established by the PCR-RLFP method. On the basis of the variation of 6 genes and 14 microsatellites the mean value of the heterozygosity coefficient was estimated at 0.61, while the value of the corresponding PIC coefficient (polymorphism information content) amounted to 0.55. The probability that the genotypes of two randomly chosen individuals in a population are identical was: 6.95 ? 10?3 (based on gene allele frequency) and 1.23 ? 10?14 (based on microsatellite allele frequency).