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2004 | 52 | 3 | 188-196
Article title

Structure of the O-polysaccharide of Proteus mirabilis O19 and reclassification of certain Proteus strains that were formerly classified in serogroup O19

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Bacteria of the genus Proteus are a common cause of urinary tract infections. The O-polysaccharide chain of their LPS (O-antigen) defines the serological specificity of these bacteria. Based on the immunospecificity of the O-antigens, two species, P. mirabilis and P. vulgaris, were classified into 49 O-serogroups, and more O-serogroups for strains of these species and P. penneri have been subsequently proposed. The lipopolysaccharide of P. mirabilis CCUG 19011 from serogroup O19 was degraded and under mildly acidic and mildly alkaline conditions. Polysaccharides thus obtained were studied by chemical methods, including O-deacetylation, sugar and methylation analyses, and 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. Antisera were obtained by immunization of New Zealand white rabbits with heat-killed bacteria. In serological studies, enzyme immunosorbent assay, passive hemolysis test, and inhibition of passive hemolysis were used.The following structure of the O-polysaccharide repeating unit was established. ->3)-beta-D-GlcpNAc-(1->3)alpha-D-GalpNAc4,6(R-Pyr)-(1->4)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1->3)-alpha-L-Rhap2Ac-(1-> where R-Pyr is (R)-1-carboxyethylidene (an acetal-linked pyruvic acid). This structure is significantly different from the O-polysaccharide structures of P. vulgaris, P. hauseri and P. penneri strains from the same Proteus serogroup O19. Conclusions: Based on immunochemical studies of the lipopolysaccharides, it is suggested 1) to keep P. vulgaris CCUG 4654 and P. penneri 31 in serogroup O19 as two subgroups, 2) to reclassify P. mirabilis CCUG 19011 into a new Proteus serogroup, O51, and 3) to classify serologically related strains, including P. vulgaris ATCC 49990, P. hauseri 1732-80 and 1086-80, P. penneri 15, and some other P. penneri strains, in yet another Proteus serogroup, O52. This structure is significantly different from the O-polysaccharide structures of P. vulgaris, P. hauseri and P. penneri strains from the same Proteus serogroup O19. Based on immunochemical studies of the lipopolysaccharides, it is suggested 1) to keep P. vulgaris CCUG 4654 and P. penneri 31 in serogroup O19 as two subgroups, 2) to reclassify P. mirabilis CCUG 19011 into a new Proteus serogroup, O51, and 3) to classify serologically related strains, including P. vulgaris ATCC 49990, P. hauseri 1732-80 and 1086-80, P. penneri 15, and some other P. penneri strains, in yet another Proteus serogroup, O52.
Publisher

Year
Volume
52
Issue
3
Pages
188-196
Physical description
Contributors
References
Document Type
ARTICLE
Publication order reference
Antoni Rozalski, Department of Immunobiology of Bacteria, Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.element-from-psjc-9e946bed-be60-3ab5-bd3b-ee09140292a1
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