Karyotypes and C-banding patterns of some Phaneropterinae katydids (Orthoptera, Tettigonioidea) with special attention to a post-reductional division of the neo-X and the neo-Y sex chromosomes in Isophya hemiptera
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Karyotypes and C-banding patterns of four species belonging to three genera of the subfamily Phaneropterinae were studied. The basic karyotype of Isophya kalishevskii, Polysarcus zacharovi, and Poecilimon ukrainicus consists of 2n=31(XO) in the male. The chromosome number of Isophya hemiptera is 2n%=28+neo-X+neo-Y as a result of mutual tandem translocation between the originally acrocentric X-chromosome and acrocentric medium size autosome. Analysis of the meiotic behaviour of the neo-X and neo-Y demonstrated a post-reductional division of these chromosomes.
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E. Warchalowska-Sliwa, Department of Experimental Zoology, Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Slawkowska 17, 31-016 Krakow, Poland. E-mail: email@example.com