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2005 | 53 | 1 | 3-12
Article title

Immunology of viral co-infections with HIV

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Increasing clinical evidence is emerging that other persistent viral infections can act as important co-factors affecting the progression of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1). It appears that hepatitis C (HCV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) have a deleterious effect on HIV progression, whereas hepatitis G (GBV-C) benefits HIV-1 progression. At the same time, the aggressive nature of HCV infection in HIV is clearly recognized. Here we discuss this clinical evidence and go on to review scientific work pertaining to these interactions in the context of the known and theoretical immunological effects of these viruses. This is discussed at the level of the generation of adaptive immune responses and their effector functions. It is clear that co-infection with persistent viral infections may pose special problems for the human immune system, as pathogenic effects may not be specific to the actual eliciting virus and can therefore multiply the difficulties faced by host defenses. We also highlight the need for further therapies for HIV/HCV co-infected persons, as this is currently a complex and severe syndrome.
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Year
Volume
53
Issue
1
Pages
3-12
Physical description
Contributors
author
author
author
References
Document Type
REVIEW
Publication order reference
Paul Klenerman, Peter Medawar Building For Pathogen Research, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK, OX1 3SY
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.element-from-psjc-92fd4581-44b0-303f-b8e2-e09f8c00330a
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