Diversity of diploid androgenic Brussels sprout plants of R0 and R1 generations
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Androgenic Brussels sprout plants were produced by the use of anther culture from the donor cultivar 'Philemon F1'. A total of 96 plants obtained from 20 androgenic R0 genotypes assigned as diploids were evaluated both in the generative and vegetative stage, in respect of their morphological characters: mean plant height; leaf size, colour and waxiness; leaf blade shape, blistering and attitude; number of sprouts; as well as their self-incompatibility and fertility. Androgenic R0 plants derived from each of the 20 embryos were highly diversified and differed from the donor in one or more morphological traits in the vegetative stage. Evaluated populations also varied in fertility and self-incompatibility. Six androgenic genotypes that set a sufficient amount of seeds of the R1 generation and 'Philemon F1' were evaluated in the field in respect of plant height, total and marketable yield per plot, shape of stem with sprouts, shape and density of sprouts, and spacing between sprouts. Only four diploid R0 and R1 populations may have some value for further breeding, as they are characterised by good vigour, high or medium ability for sprout generation, and sufficient fertility.
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Piotr Kaminski, Research Institute of Vegetable Crops, Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland