Dysregulation of calcium in Alzheimer's disease
Languages of publication
Multiple efforts has underlined importance of calcium dependent cellular processes in the biochemical characterisation of Alzheimer?s disease (AD), suggesting that abnormalities in calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis might be involved in the pathophysiology of the disease. Studies of the pathogenic mutations in presenilins 1 and 2 (PS1 and PS2) and amyloid precursor protein (APP) responsible for early onset familial AD have estabilished central roles for perturbed cellular Ca2+ homeostasis. Studies of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) neurotoxic effects in AD confirmed involvement of Ca2+-mediated mechanisms. Futher consequences of Ca2+ alterations in AD underline the importance of the ER and mitochondria as the regulatory sites involved in the pathogenesis of neuronal degeneration. Alterations of Ca2+ homeostasis include cells from peripheral tissues, including lymphocytes and fibroblasts from AD donors.
Publication order reference