The effect of alpha-tocopherol in the acute ethanol intake and its withdrawal on penicillin-induced epilepsy
Selected contents from this journal
Languages of publication
The present study was designed to investigate the influence of acute ethanol intake and its withdrawal on the anticonvulsant effect of alpha-tocopherol in penicillin-induced epileptiform activity. Ethanol-treated rats received a daily dose of 3 g/kg or 9.0 g/kg of 30% ethanol solution for 3 days. Thirty minutes after penicillin injection (500 units, i.c.), the most effective dose of alpha-tocopherol (500 mg/kg) was administered intramuscularly (i.m.). Acute administration of ethanol, in a dose of 3 g/ kg, did not change either frequency or amplitude of penicillin-induced epileptiform activity, while dose of 9 g/kg ethanol significantly decreased the mean frequency of penicillin-induced epileptiform ECoG activity in the ethanol-treated group. Ethanol (9 g/kg) withdrawal also caused an increase in the amplitude of epileptiform ECoG activity in the withdrawal group. The results suggest that acute administration of high dose ethanol (9 g/kg) and alpha-tocopherol have some limited anticonvulsive effects in penicillin-induced epileptiform activity in rats.
Publication order reference
Erdal Agar, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ondokuz Mayis, 55139 Samsun, Turkey