A familial X/Y translocation: cytogenetic and molecular study
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In this study we describe a 3-generation family carrying a (X;Y)(p22.3;q11.2) translocation in seven individuals of both sexes. Molecular analysis of the aberrant (X;Y)(p22.3;q11.2) chromosome was performed by FISH using X and Y-specific painting probes and also PCR amplification of the Y-specific sequences. Using these approaches it was demonstrated that the translocation resulted in a deletion of both X and Y pseudoautosomal regions. Moreover, using RBG banding it was shown that in all females the X-derivative chromosome was inactive in over 90% of mitoses. From the preliminary results obtained in this study we assumed that in this particular family the observed phenotype of the patients was caused by a deletion of the cluster of pseudoaotosomal genes responsible for the stature. More proximal loci, like STS or MRX49, were probably not deleted, since neither ichtyosis nor mental retardation was observed in this family.
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J. Jaruzelska, Institute of Human Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Strzeszynska 32, 60-479 Poznan, Poland, email: email@example.com