B chromosomes, translocation between B and autosomes, and C-heterochromatin polymorphism of the grasshopper Podisma sapporensis Shir. (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in Hokkaido, northern Japan
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Seven categories of B chromosomes found in the brachypterus grasshopper Podisma sapporensis from Hokkaido populations differ in structure, size, and C-band content. The interchange between B and one autosome from M3 and sporadically M7 was observed in most of the populations examined. Such an interaction between standard and non-standard chromosomal set provides an insight into the integration of supernumerary chromosome. In addition, C-heterochromatin polymorphism was also identified in male karyotypes in some populations. These facts indicate P. sapporensis is a highly polymorphic species from the cytogenetic point of view.
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E. Warchalowska-Sliwa, Department of Experimental Zoology, Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Slawkowska 17, 31-016 Krakow, Poland