Over the last 20 years, more and more reliable data concerning global climate change, mainly climate warming, have become available in the literature. Change such as this has also been documented in the Gulf of Gdansk. Climate change has an influence on aquatic ecosystems and especially their biocoenoses, and plankton is one of its most sensitive ecological fractions. Positive and negative statistical correlation in the exclusive relationship between the quantity of plankton groups and water temperature has been observed. When time was applied as a factor, only the annual increments of the blue-green algae correlation were statistically significant, and the regression equation calculated in this paper was applied to predict a rise in the population number of this algae in response to increasing temperature. It was not possible to perform this calculation with the other plankton components.